The carbonaceous aerosol in Emilia-Romagna region (Northern Italy) was characterized in two fall/winter mon-itoring campaigns conducted through the years 2011–2012 and 2012–2013. Nearly 650 PM2.5 samples were collected at three monitoring stations describing urban background (main city Bologna, MS, Parma and Rimini) and one rural background site (San Pietro, SP). OC and EC values were measured by the thermal–optical transmittance method (TOT). Low flow-rate sampling strategy (24 m3 air volume per day) was used to reduce loading of light absorbing material on the filter surface in order to ensure the correct OC/EC discrimination. The TC values measured in winter 2011–2012 ranged from 9.8 μgC m−3 at San Pietro to 12.0 μgC m− 3at Parma, consisting of OC from 8.6 μgC m−3 at SP to 9.9 μgC m−3 at MS and EC from 1.3 μgCm−3 at SP to 2.5 μg m−3 at Rimini. In winter 2012–2013, lower values were i ngeneral found with TC values ranging from 7.8 to 9.1 μgCm−3 consisting of OC from 5.1 to 7.0 μgC m−3 and EC from 1.5 to 2.2 μgC m−3. Such differences can be likely explained by higher pollutant emissions related to domestic heating in colder fall/winter 2011/2012 (mean temperature ≈2 °C incomparison with ≈7 °C in winter 2012/2013). This hypothesis is supported by high levels of levoglucosan, as unambiguous tracer for biomass burning emission, and of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons related to combustion (levoglucosan ≃1000 ng m−3 and burning PAHs ≃4 ngm−3 at MS and SP sites).

Characteristics of carbonaceous aerosols in Emilia-Romagna (Northern Italy) based on two fall/winter field campaigns

COSTA, Valentina
Primo
;
BACCO, Dimitri
Secondo
;
ZIGOLA, Claudia
Penultimo
;
PIETROGRANDE, Maria Chiara
Ultimo
2016

Abstract

The carbonaceous aerosol in Emilia-Romagna region (Northern Italy) was characterized in two fall/winter mon-itoring campaigns conducted through the years 2011–2012 and 2012–2013. Nearly 650 PM2.5 samples were collected at three monitoring stations describing urban background (main city Bologna, MS, Parma and Rimini) and one rural background site (San Pietro, SP). OC and EC values were measured by the thermal–optical transmittance method (TOT). Low flow-rate sampling strategy (24 m3 air volume per day) was used to reduce loading of light absorbing material on the filter surface in order to ensure the correct OC/EC discrimination. The TC values measured in winter 2011–2012 ranged from 9.8 μgC m−3 at San Pietro to 12.0 μgC m− 3at Parma, consisting of OC from 8.6 μgC m−3 at SP to 9.9 μgC m−3 at MS and EC from 1.3 μgCm−3 at SP to 2.5 μg m−3 at Rimini. In winter 2012–2013, lower values were i ngeneral found with TC values ranging from 7.8 to 9.1 μgCm−3 consisting of OC from 5.1 to 7.0 μgC m−3 and EC from 1.5 to 2.2 μgC m−3. Such differences can be likely explained by higher pollutant emissions related to domestic heating in colder fall/winter 2011/2012 (mean temperature ≈2 °C incomparison with ≈7 °C in winter 2012/2013). This hypothesis is supported by high levels of levoglucosan, as unambiguous tracer for biomass burning emission, and of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons related to combustion (levoglucosan ≃1000 ng m−3 and burning PAHs ≃4 ngm−3 at MS and SP sites).
Costa, Valentina; Bacco, Dimitri; Castellazzi, S.; Ricciardelli, I.; Vecchietti, R.; Zigola, Claudia; Pietrogrande, Maria Chiara
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