The aim of the present work is the chemical and microstructural characterisation of a reliquary figure, stylistically consistent with the art of the Kota population, which lived in the eastern part of Gabon (Africa). The artefact was subjected to preliminary observation by stereomicroscopy, and then optical microscopy (OM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) analyses are carried out on a fragment and on surface compounds. Lastly, AMS radiocarbon dating of the wooden support allowed further information about the production period to be obtained. The results show that the artefact was produced by a Cu-Zn alloy and contains non-metallic impurities made up of S and Se. The greenish and whitish surface compounds, which are mainly collected near the nails and in proximity to the overlaid sheets, are probably only partly related to natural corrosive processes. Finally, radiocarbon dating established that the wooden support certainly dates after 1950.
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