In the present paper, the problem of modeling the propagation of debris flow using suitable rheological parameters is considered. A new procedure is proposed based on field observations, laboratory investigations and numerical analysis. The back analysis of a debris flow event that occurred in the Campania region (southern Italy) was used to investigate the reliability of the assumed rheological parameters. The well-known Bingham constitutive equation was chosen to model the behavior of the equivalent flow mixture. Numerical analysis was conducted using DAN-W, a code based on a single-phase, depth-averaged continuum mechanics approach. The results show that extrapolating model parameters only from laboratory experiments may lead to inaccurate predictions. Instead, when the rheological parameters are assumed according to stress field observations and experimental data, th emodel satisfactorily replicates the case studies. Such conclusion suggests that the calibration of model parameters using an integrated approach may be applicable for field-scale debris flow simulations and can yield useful information about the dynamics of flows to be investigated. The accuracy of this approach was demonstrated by the numerical prediction of other fifty events that occurred in the same area.

An integrated procedure to evaluate rheological parameters to model debris flows

PELLEGRINO, Anna Maria
Primo
;
SCHIPPA, Leonardo
Ultimo
2015

Abstract

In the present paper, the problem of modeling the propagation of debris flow using suitable rheological parameters is considered. A new procedure is proposed based on field observations, laboratory investigations and numerical analysis. The back analysis of a debris flow event that occurred in the Campania region (southern Italy) was used to investigate the reliability of the assumed rheological parameters. The well-known Bingham constitutive equation was chosen to model the behavior of the equivalent flow mixture. Numerical analysis was conducted using DAN-W, a code based on a single-phase, depth-averaged continuum mechanics approach. The results show that extrapolating model parameters only from laboratory experiments may lead to inaccurate predictions. Instead, when the rheological parameters are assumed according to stress field observations and experimental data, th emodel satisfactorily replicates the case studies. Such conclusion suggests that the calibration of model parameters using an integrated approach may be applicable for field-scale debris flow simulations and can yield useful information about the dynamics of flows to be investigated. The accuracy of this approach was demonstrated by the numerical prediction of other fifty events that occurred in the same area.
2015
Pellegrino, Anna Maria; Scotto di Santolo, Anna; Schippa, Leonardo
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