Some areas of Northern Italy, especially Ferrara during the nineteenth century, represent privileged observatories regard to malaria, a disease that affected the poor, but did not spare the rich and powerful people. The so called Po River Delta, as well as the Maremma and other Italian areas, was particularly affected by the typology of marshy land (breeding grounds). Ferrara, spared because of the better hygienic conditions of the city that restricted the anopheles proliferation, represents an important study’s center because of the presence of renowned physicians and scientists who confronted themselves in the Medical Academies. Among these, Antonio Campana very attentive to the latest scientific findings, states of the antimalarial remedies in his famous ferrarese Pharmacopoeia. This paper analyzes the main remedies listed in the various editions of Campana’s Pharmacopoeia since 1798 and particularly of 1841, in the reports from the Accademia Medico-Chirurgica di Ferrara and of Argenta’s physicians of the mid-nineteenth century and in the Reports (1871 and 1876) from Alessandro Bennati, director of Arcispedale Sant'Anna and concerning the hospital practice. Other printed documents referred to the town of Argenta are discussed.

Alcune aree del Nord Italia, in particolare la Ferrara dell’Ottocento, rappresentano osservatori privilegiati per quanto riguarda la malaria, malattia che colpiva i poveri ma non risparmiava i ricchi e i potenti. Il Delta del Po, come la Maremma e altre zone d’Italia, era particolarmente colpito per la tipologia territoriale paludosa. Ferrara, risparmiata anche per le condizioni igienico-sanitarie che limitavano la proliferazione dell’anofele, rappresenta un importante centro di studio per il territorio grazie alla presenza di medici di fama e di studiosi che si confrontano nelle varie Accademie. Tra questi, Antonio Campana attento e vigile alle ultime scoperte in campo medico, tratta dei rimedi antimalarici nella sua celeberrima Farmacopea ferrarese. Il presente lavoro analizza i principali rimedi riportati nella Farmacopea del Campana nelle varie edizioni a partire dal 1798 e in particolare in quella del 1841, in relazioni tenute all’Accademia Medico-Chirurgica della metà dell’Ottocento e nella pratica ospedaliera citata nei Report del 1871 e 1876 di Alessandro Bennati, direttore dell’Arcispedale Sant’Anna e in altri documenti a stampa riferiti al comune di Argenta .

Malaria in endemic areas of Northern Italy and in the Italian context: remedies and substitutes in the Nineteenth Century Medical Practice [La malaria in aree ad elevata endemia del nord Italia e nel contesto italiano: Rimedi e succedanei nella pratica medica dell'Ottocento]

VICENTINI, Chiara Beatrice
Primo
;
MANFREDINI, Stefano
Secondo
;
MARES, Donatella;LUPI, Silvia;GUIDI, Enrica
Penultimo
;
CONTINI, Carlo
Ultimo
2014

Abstract

Some areas of Northern Italy, especially Ferrara during the nineteenth century, represent privileged observatories regard to malaria, a disease that affected the poor, but did not spare the rich and powerful people. The so called Po River Delta, as well as the Maremma and other Italian areas, was particularly affected by the typology of marshy land (breeding grounds). Ferrara, spared because of the better hygienic conditions of the city that restricted the anopheles proliferation, represents an important study’s center because of the presence of renowned physicians and scientists who confronted themselves in the Medical Academies. Among these, Antonio Campana very attentive to the latest scientific findings, states of the antimalarial remedies in his famous ferrarese Pharmacopoeia. This paper analyzes the main remedies listed in the various editions of Campana’s Pharmacopoeia since 1798 and particularly of 1841, in the reports from the Accademia Medico-Chirurgica di Ferrara and of Argenta’s physicians of the mid-nineteenth century and in the Reports (1871 and 1876) from Alessandro Bennati, director of Arcispedale Sant'Anna and concerning the hospital practice. Other printed documents referred to the town of Argenta are discussed.
2014
Vicentini, Chiara Beatrice; Manfredini, Stefano; Mares, Donatella; Lupi, Silvia; Guidi, Enrica; Contini, Carlo
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/2006612
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