miR-17∼92 is a polycistronic microRNA (miR) cluster (consisting of miR-17, miR-18a, miR-19a, miR-19b, miR-20a, and miR-92a) which frequently is overexpressed in several solid and lymphoid malignancies. Loss- and gain-of-function studies have revealed the role of miR-17∼92 in heart, lung, and B-cell development and in Myc-induced B-cell lymphomas, respectively. Recent studies indicate that overexpression of this locus leads to lymphoproliferation, but no experimental proof that dysregulation of this cluster causes B-cell lymphomas or leukemias is available. To determine whether miR-17∼92- overexpression induces lymphomagenesis/leukemogenesis, we generated a B-cell-specific transgenic mouse model with targeted overexpression of this cluster in B cells. The miR-17∼92 overexpression was driven by the Eµ-enhancer and Ig heavy-chain promoter, and a 3' GFP tag was added to the transgene to track the miR expression. Expression analysis using Northern Blot and quantitative RT-PCR confirmed 2.5- to 25-fold overexpression of all six miRs in the transgenic mice spleens as compared with spleens from wild-type mice. Eµ-miR-17∼92 mice developed B-cell malignancy by the age of 12-18 mo with a penetrance of ∼80% (49% splenic B-cell lymphoproliferative disease, 28% lymphoma). At this stage mice exhibited severe splenomegaly with abnormal B-cell-derived white pulp expansion and enlarged lymph nodes. Interestingly, we found three classes of B-cell lymphomas/leukemias at varying grades of differentiation. These included expansion of CD19(+) and CD5(+) double-positive B cells similar to the aggressive form of human B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia, B220(+) CD43(+) B1-cell proliferation, and a CD19(+) aggressive diffuse large B-cell lymphoma-like disease, as assessed by flow cytometry and histopathological analysis.

B-cell malignancies in microRNA Eμ-miR-17~92 transgenic mice

VOLINIA, Stefano;CROCE, Carlo Maria
Ultimo
2013

Abstract

miR-17∼92 is a polycistronic microRNA (miR) cluster (consisting of miR-17, miR-18a, miR-19a, miR-19b, miR-20a, and miR-92a) which frequently is overexpressed in several solid and lymphoid malignancies. Loss- and gain-of-function studies have revealed the role of miR-17∼92 in heart, lung, and B-cell development and in Myc-induced B-cell lymphomas, respectively. Recent studies indicate that overexpression of this locus leads to lymphoproliferation, but no experimental proof that dysregulation of this cluster causes B-cell lymphomas or leukemias is available. To determine whether miR-17∼92- overexpression induces lymphomagenesis/leukemogenesis, we generated a B-cell-specific transgenic mouse model with targeted overexpression of this cluster in B cells. The miR-17∼92 overexpression was driven by the Eµ-enhancer and Ig heavy-chain promoter, and a 3' GFP tag was added to the transgene to track the miR expression. Expression analysis using Northern Blot and quantitative RT-PCR confirmed 2.5- to 25-fold overexpression of all six miRs in the transgenic mice spleens as compared with spleens from wild-type mice. Eµ-miR-17∼92 mice developed B-cell malignancy by the age of 12-18 mo with a penetrance of ∼80% (49% splenic B-cell lymphoproliferative disease, 28% lymphoma). At this stage mice exhibited severe splenomegaly with abnormal B-cell-derived white pulp expansion and enlarged lymph nodes. Interestingly, we found three classes of B-cell lymphomas/leukemias at varying grades of differentiation. These included expansion of CD19(+) and CD5(+) double-positive B cells similar to the aggressive form of human B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia, B220(+) CD43(+) B1-cell proliferation, and a CD19(+) aggressive diffuse large B-cell lymphoma-like disease, as assessed by flow cytometry and histopathological analysis.
S. K., Sandhu; M., Fassan; Volinia, Stefano; F., Lovat; V., Balatti; Y., Pekarsky; Croce, Carlo Maria
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/1952634
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