Miscarriage is one of the most relevant adverse events in women's reproductive life. The purpose of the study was to describe miscarriage trend in Italy during the last years among Italian and immigrant women, to compare miscarriage rates of the two groups and to evaluate the effect of age, nationality and educational level on the incidence of having a miscarriage. Then, a brief critical review of other miscarriage risk factors was performed. This study is based on ISTAT database. All data were analyzed through the statistical software SPSS and the following analytical techniques were used: multivariate logistic regression, factorial analysis of variance and Chi square test. Immigrant miscarriage rates resulted higher than Italian ones and they decreased from 2003 to 2009 unlike Italian ones, which remained unchanged. The effect of maternal age on the miscarriage incidence resulted different, depending on the nationality; for Italian women it increased with increasing of age and for immigrant women the opposite trend was found. Moreover, miscarriage incidence resulted significantly different depending on the maternal educational level. Whereas immigrant women considered did not belong to the same ethnic group, biological or genetic factors underlying these differences were excluded and a socioeconomic explanation was provided. Finally, in order to provide more complete information, other miscarriage risk factors were discussed through a brief review of the literature.
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|Titolo:||The Influence of Socio-Demographic Factors on Miscarriage Incidence Among Italian and Immigrant Women: A Critical Analysis from Italy.|
|Autori interni:||SOAVE, Ilaria|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2014|
|Rivista:||JOURNAL OF IMMIGRANT AND MINORITY HEALTH|
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