Background: It has been suggested that soluble factors produced by bone marrow (BM) mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC) play a fundamental role in mediating immune modulation. HLA-G antigens (Ag) are major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class Ib molecules characterized by a limited polymorphism and a splicing mechanism that regulates the production of membrane-bound and soluble isoforms. Interleukin-10 (IL-10) cytokine is one of the main up-modulators of soluble HLA-G Ag (sHLA-G) production by CD14+ peripheral blood monocyte cells and increased IL-10 levels are reported to be associated with MSC immune modulation. Methods: We investigated, by specific enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), the possible role of sHLA-G molecules in the inhibition of the peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) response to phytohemagglutinin (PHA) mediated by MSC from different sources. Results: There was a significant correlation between the presence of increased levels of sHLA-G and IL-10 in the MSC/PBMC/PHA culture supernatants and lymphoproliferative inhibition. Neutralizing experiments performed with monoclonal Ab directed against HLA-G and IL-10 molecules confirmed the inhibitory ability of sHLA-G Ag. Furthermore, exogenous IL-10 induced sHLA-G molecule secretion by MSC alone in a polymorphic way, while a longitudinal analysis confirmed the loss of MSC inhibitory functions in relation to in vitro MSC aging. Discussion: Overall the results obtained suggest a functional role for sHLA-G molecules in inhibiting the PBMC response mediated by MSC. Moreover, the ability of IL-10 to induce sHLA-G Ag production by MSC alone could be proposed as a marker of MSC functional ability.

A functional role for soluble HLA-G antigens in immune modulation mediated by mesenchymal stromal cells

Rizzo R.
Co-primo
;
Campioni D.
Co-primo
;
Cuneo A.;Lanza F.;Baricordi O.
2008

Abstract

Background: It has been suggested that soluble factors produced by bone marrow (BM) mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC) play a fundamental role in mediating immune modulation. HLA-G antigens (Ag) are major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class Ib molecules characterized by a limited polymorphism and a splicing mechanism that regulates the production of membrane-bound and soluble isoforms. Interleukin-10 (IL-10) cytokine is one of the main up-modulators of soluble HLA-G Ag (sHLA-G) production by CD14+ peripheral blood monocyte cells and increased IL-10 levels are reported to be associated with MSC immune modulation. Methods: We investigated, by specific enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), the possible role of sHLA-G molecules in the inhibition of the peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) response to phytohemagglutinin (PHA) mediated by MSC from different sources. Results: There was a significant correlation between the presence of increased levels of sHLA-G and IL-10 in the MSC/PBMC/PHA culture supernatants and lymphoproliferative inhibition. Neutralizing experiments performed with monoclonal Ab directed against HLA-G and IL-10 molecules confirmed the inhibitory ability of sHLA-G Ag. Furthermore, exogenous IL-10 induced sHLA-G molecule secretion by MSC alone in a polymorphic way, while a longitudinal analysis confirmed the loss of MSC inhibitory functions in relation to in vitro MSC aging. Discussion: Overall the results obtained suggest a functional role for sHLA-G molecules in inhibiting the PBMC response mediated by MSC. Moreover, the ability of IL-10 to induce sHLA-G Ag production by MSC alone could be proposed as a marker of MSC functional ability.
2008
Rizzo, R.; Campioni, D.; Stignani, M.; Bagnara, Gp.; Bonsi, L.; Alviano, F.; Lanzoni, G.; Moretti, S.; Cuneo, A.; Lanza, F.; Baricordi, O.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/1871880
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