HLA-G molecules are non-classical HLA class I antigens with an important role in pregnancy immune-regulation and inflammation control. Soluble HLA-G proteins can be generated through two mechanisms: alternative splicing and proteolytic release, which is known to be metalloprotease-mediated. Among this class of enzymes, matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) might be involved in the HLA-G1 membrane cleavage. Of particular interest are MMP-2 and MMP-9, that regulate the inflammatory process by cytokine and chemokine modulation. We evaluated the effect of MMP-9 and MMP-2 on HLA-G1 membrane-shedding. In particular, we analyzed the in vitro effect of these two gelatinases on the secretion of HLA-G1 via proteolitic cleavage in 221-G1 transfected cell line, in JEG3 cell line and in peripheral blood mononuclear cells. The results obtained by both cell lines showed the role of MMP-2 in HLA-G1 shedding. On the contrary, MMP-9 was not involved in this process. In addition, we identified three possible highly specific cleavage sites for MMP-2 whereas none were detected for MMP-9. This study suggests an effective link between MMP-2 and HLA-G1 shedding, increasing our knowledge on the regulatory machinery beyond HLA-G regulation in physiological and pathological conditions.

Matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) generates soluble HLA-G1 by cell surface proteolytic shedding

RIZZO, Roberta;TRENTINI, Alessandro;BORTOLOTTI, Daria;MANFRINATO, Maria Cristina;ROTOLA, Antonella;CASTELLAZZI, Massimiliano;DI LUCA, Dario;DALLOCCHIO, Franco Pasquale Filippo;FAINARDI, Enrico;BELLINI, Tiziana
2013

Abstract

HLA-G molecules are non-classical HLA class I antigens with an important role in pregnancy immune-regulation and inflammation control. Soluble HLA-G proteins can be generated through two mechanisms: alternative splicing and proteolytic release, which is known to be metalloprotease-mediated. Among this class of enzymes, matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) might be involved in the HLA-G1 membrane cleavage. Of particular interest are MMP-2 and MMP-9, that regulate the inflammatory process by cytokine and chemokine modulation. We evaluated the effect of MMP-9 and MMP-2 on HLA-G1 membrane-shedding. In particular, we analyzed the in vitro effect of these two gelatinases on the secretion of HLA-G1 via proteolitic cleavage in 221-G1 transfected cell line, in JEG3 cell line and in peripheral blood mononuclear cells. The results obtained by both cell lines showed the role of MMP-2 in HLA-G1 shedding. On the contrary, MMP-9 was not involved in this process. In addition, we identified three possible highly specific cleavage sites for MMP-2 whereas none were detected for MMP-9. This study suggests an effective link between MMP-2 and HLA-G1 shedding, increasing our knowledge on the regulatory machinery beyond HLA-G regulation in physiological and pathological conditions.
2013
Rizzo, Roberta; Trentini, Alessandro; Bortolotti, Daria; Manfrinato, Maria Cristina; Rotola, Antonella; Castellazzi, Massimiliano; L., Melchiorri; DI LUCA, Dario; Dallocchio, Franco Pasquale Filippo; Fainardi, Enrico; Bellini, Tiziana
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/1871728
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