Among candidate antigens for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prophylactic vaccines, the regulatory protein Tat is a critical early target, but has a potential for immune suppression. Adenovirus (Ad) recombinants encoding wild-type HIV Tat (Tat-wt) and a transdominant negative mutant HIV Tat (Tat22) were constructed and administered to mice separately or together with Ad-SIVgag. Immunogenicity and effects on immune responses to the co-administered Gag immunogen were evaluated. Wild-type and mutant Tat recombinants elicited similar Tat-specific cellular and humoral immune responses. Co-administration of either Tat immunogen with Ad-SIVgag induced modest but significant enhancement of Gag-specific interferon-gamma secreting T cells and lymphoproliferative responses. Neither the Ad-recombinant encoding Tat-wt nor Tat22 suppressed induction of anti-Tat or anti-Gag antibodies. Based on the immune responses observed in mice, both recombinants appear to be suitable vaccine candidates. Their contribution to protective efficacy remains to be determined in a non-human primate model.

Enhanced cellular immunity to SIV Gag following co-administration of adenoviruses encoding wild-type or mutant HIV Tat and SIV Gag.

VOLTAN, Rebecca;
2005

Abstract

Among candidate antigens for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prophylactic vaccines, the regulatory protein Tat is a critical early target, but has a potential for immune suppression. Adenovirus (Ad) recombinants encoding wild-type HIV Tat (Tat-wt) and a transdominant negative mutant HIV Tat (Tat22) were constructed and administered to mice separately or together with Ad-SIVgag. Immunogenicity and effects on immune responses to the co-administered Gag immunogen were evaluated. Wild-type and mutant Tat recombinants elicited similar Tat-specific cellular and humoral immune responses. Co-administration of either Tat immunogen with Ad-SIVgag induced modest but significant enhancement of Gag-specific interferon-gamma secreting T cells and lymphoproliferative responses. Neither the Ad-recombinant encoding Tat-wt nor Tat22 suppressed induction of anti-Tat or anti-Gag antibodies. Based on the immune responses observed in mice, both recombinants appear to be suitable vaccine candidates. Their contribution to protective efficacy remains to be determined in a non-human primate model.
Zhao, J; Voltan, Rebecca; Peng, B; Davis Warren, A; Kalyanaraman, Vs; Alvord, Wg; Aldrich, K; Bernasconi, D; Buttò, S; Cafaro, A; Ensoli, B; Robert Guroff, M.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/1871518
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