Although acute aortic rupture or dissection is relatively uncommon, it ranks in third position among necropsy-confirmed causes of out-of-hospital sudden death in the general population. Similar to other acute cardiovascular events (e.g., acute myocardial infarction, sudden death, stroke, and pulmonary embolism) there is a growing body of evidence regarding temporal patterns in onset, characterized by circadian, seasonal and weekly variations for aortic aneurysms. On one hand, it is possible that these cardiovascular diseases share common underlying pathophysiologic mechanisms, e.g., increase in blood pressure, heart rate, sympathetic activity, basal vascular tone, vasoconstrictive hormones, and prothrombotic tendency. On the other hand, the possibility exists that the connecting link is an internal disruption (dyssynchrony) of some molecular mechanisms intrinsic to the peripheral biological clock (that of cardiomyocyte is the most widely investigated). Such disruption may contribute to cardiovascular disease and biological rhythms – an intriguing hypothesis for future research.
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