Abstract BACKGROUND: Knowledge of the role of the receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE), particularly its soluble form (sRAGE), and of its advanced glycation end product (AGE) ligand, N-(carboxymethyl)lysine adducts (CML), is limited in chronic heart failure (CHF) and in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). We evaluated whether the AGE/RAGE system is activated in stable CHF and COPD, and whether plasma sRAGE and CML levels are affected by clinical and functional parameters. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We measured plasma levels of sRAGE and CML using a sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in 143 subjects, aged ≥ 65 years, divided into five groups: 58 with CHF, 23 with COPD, 27 with CHF+COPD and 35 controls (17 healthy smokers and 18 healthy nonsmokers). Individuals with diabetes were excluded from the study. RESULTS: Plasma levels of sRAGE and CML were higher in CHF patients than in controls [sRAGE: 0·48 (0·37-0·83) vs. 0·42 (0·29-0·52) ng/mL, P = 0·01; CML: 1·95 (1·58-2·38) vs. 1·68 (1·43-2·00) ng/mL, P = 0·01]. By contrast, sRAGE and CML were not different between both COPD and CHF+COPD patients and controls (P > 0·05). N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (Nt-pro BNP) correlated with sRAGE, but not with CML, in the patient groups: CHF (r = 0·43, P < 0·001), COPD (r = 0·77, P < 0·0001) and CHF/COPD (r = 0·43, P = 0·003). CONCLUSIONS: Plasma levels of sRAGE and CML are increased in CHF, but not in COPD patients. The robust association between NT-pro BNP, a diagnostic and prognostic marker in CHF, and sRAGE concentrations might suggest a possible BNP pathway of amplification of inflammation via the AGE/RAGE system.

Plasma sRAGE and N-(carboxymethyl) lysine in patients with CHF and/or COPD.

BOSCHETTO, Piera;STENDARDO, Mariarita;CASIMIRRI, Enrico;CECONI, Claudio;FUCILI, Alessandro;PAPI, Alberto;
2013

Abstract

Abstract BACKGROUND: Knowledge of the role of the receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE), particularly its soluble form (sRAGE), and of its advanced glycation end product (AGE) ligand, N-(carboxymethyl)lysine adducts (CML), is limited in chronic heart failure (CHF) and in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). We evaluated whether the AGE/RAGE system is activated in stable CHF and COPD, and whether plasma sRAGE and CML levels are affected by clinical and functional parameters. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We measured plasma levels of sRAGE and CML using a sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in 143 subjects, aged ≥ 65 years, divided into five groups: 58 with CHF, 23 with COPD, 27 with CHF+COPD and 35 controls (17 healthy smokers and 18 healthy nonsmokers). Individuals with diabetes were excluded from the study. RESULTS: Plasma levels of sRAGE and CML were higher in CHF patients than in controls [sRAGE: 0·48 (0·37-0·83) vs. 0·42 (0·29-0·52) ng/mL, P = 0·01; CML: 1·95 (1·58-2·38) vs. 1·68 (1·43-2·00) ng/mL, P = 0·01]. By contrast, sRAGE and CML were not different between both COPD and CHF+COPD patients and controls (P > 0·05). N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (Nt-pro BNP) correlated with sRAGE, but not with CML, in the patient groups: CHF (r = 0·43, P < 0·001), COPD (r = 0·77, P < 0·0001) and CHF/COPD (r = 0·43, P = 0·003). CONCLUSIONS: Plasma levels of sRAGE and CML are increased in CHF, but not in COPD patients. The robust association between NT-pro BNP, a diagnostic and prognostic marker in CHF, and sRAGE concentrations might suggest a possible BNP pathway of amplification of inflammation via the AGE/RAGE system.
2013
Boschetto, Piera; Campo, I; Stendardo, Mariarita; Casimirri, Enrico; Tinelli, C; Gorrini, M; Ceconi, Claudio; Fucili, Alessandro; Potena, A; Papi, Alberto; Ballerin, L; Fabbri, L; M., Luisetti
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/1813546
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