Results of nonlinear finite element analyses of commercial PFRP I-section profiles subjected to pure compression are presented. One narrow-flange and four wide-flange shapes are analyzed for ten values of the column slenderness, involving 50 FE models. The imperfection sensitivity is investigated with reference to different imperfection shapes. For wide-flange columns, if the imperfection amplitudes are identified with the limiting amplitudes reported by the pultruders, extremely low ultimate axial loads are obtained, associated with unrealistic failure mechanisms and strong interaction between local and global buckling modes. In contrast, reduced imperfection amplitudes reported in the literature lead to well documented failure mechanisms and to a small influence of the buckling mode interaction. As is known, the local buckling of wide-flange shapes is triggered by the flange instability. Conversely, the local buckling of narrow-flange shapes generally is triggered by the web instability. Due to this property, the paper shows that, at equal cross-section area, the narrow-flange profiles may exhibit higher ultimate loads with respect to the wide-flange profiles in a broad range of column slenderness.

Buckling and postbuckling finite-element analysis of pultruded FRP profiles under pure compression

LAUDIERO, Ferdinando;MINGHINI, Fabio;TULLINI, Nerio
2014

Abstract

Results of nonlinear finite element analyses of commercial PFRP I-section profiles subjected to pure compression are presented. One narrow-flange and four wide-flange shapes are analyzed for ten values of the column slenderness, involving 50 FE models. The imperfection sensitivity is investigated with reference to different imperfection shapes. For wide-flange columns, if the imperfection amplitudes are identified with the limiting amplitudes reported by the pultruders, extremely low ultimate axial loads are obtained, associated with unrealistic failure mechanisms and strong interaction between local and global buckling modes. In contrast, reduced imperfection amplitudes reported in the literature lead to well documented failure mechanisms and to a small influence of the buckling mode interaction. As is known, the local buckling of wide-flange shapes is triggered by the flange instability. Conversely, the local buckling of narrow-flange shapes generally is triggered by the web instability. Due to this property, the paper shows that, at equal cross-section area, the narrow-flange profiles may exhibit higher ultimate loads with respect to the wide-flange profiles in a broad range of column slenderness.
2014
Laudiero, Ferdinando; Minghini, Fabio; Tullini, Nerio
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/1790099
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