Eight new dermorphin tetrapeptides, X-Tyr-D-MetO-Phe-aa-Y (X = H, H2N = C(NH); aa = Gly, 2-aminoethanol, sarcosine; Y = NH2, NH-alkyl), were prepared and tested for opioid activity. They show dose-related naloxone-reversible opioid effects in vitro and in vivo. H-Tyr-D-MetO-Phe-Gly-NH2 (I) (guinea pig ileum IC50 = 13.6 nM; tail-flick ED50 = 1.97 pmol/mouse, icv, and 0.65 mumol/kg, sc), though less effective in the periphery, has central activities higher than those of dermorphin H-Tyr-D-Ala-Phe-Gly-Tyr-Pro-Ser-NH2. Following intracerebroventricular or subcutaneous administrations in mice, I is about respectively 1500 and 17 times as potent an analgesic as morphine.

Synthesis and Opioid Activity of Dermorphin Tetrapeptides Bearing D-Methionine S-Oxide at Position 2

SALVADORI, Severo;MARASTONI, Mauro;
1986

Abstract

Eight new dermorphin tetrapeptides, X-Tyr-D-MetO-Phe-aa-Y (X = H, H2N = C(NH); aa = Gly, 2-aminoethanol, sarcosine; Y = NH2, NH-alkyl), were prepared and tested for opioid activity. They show dose-related naloxone-reversible opioid effects in vitro and in vivo. H-Tyr-D-MetO-Phe-Gly-NH2 (I) (guinea pig ileum IC50 = 13.6 nM; tail-flick ED50 = 1.97 pmol/mouse, icv, and 0.65 mumol/kg, sc), though less effective in the periphery, has central activities higher than those of dermorphin H-Tyr-D-Ala-Phe-Gly-Tyr-Pro-Ser-NH2. Following intracerebroventricular or subcutaneous administrations in mice, I is about respectively 1500 and 17 times as potent an analgesic as morphine.
1986
Salvadori, Severo; Marastoni, Mauro; Balboni, G.; Sarto, G. P.; Tomatis, R.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/1739114
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