The structural relaxation around the Co2+ ion along the gahnite (ZnAl2O4)-Co-aluminate (CoAl2O4) join was investigated by a combined X-ray diffraction (XRD) and electronic absorption spectroscopy (EAS) approach. Monophasic spinel samples (Zn1–yCoyAl2O4 with y = 0, 0.25, 0.5, 0.75, and 1 apfu) were obtained through solid-state reaction (1300 °C with slow cooling). The cobalt incorporation induces a linear increase of the unit-cell parameter (a) accompanied by an increasing inversion parameter (up to 0.07) so that the Co2+ for Al3+ substitution in the octahedral site is, at a first approximation, the cause of the lattice expansion. However, a careful consideration of T-O distances highlights the role played by an enhanced covalence degree of Zn-O bonds. The optical spectra are characterized by the occurrence of electronic transitions of Co2+ in tetrahedral coordination affected by a strong spin-orbit coupling, causing a threefold splitting of spin-allowed bands. Further complications stem from mixing of quadruplet and doublet states (leading to a consistent intensity gain of spin-forbidden bands) and vibronic effects (producing intense sidebands). Crystal field strength goes from 4187 to 4131 cm–1 with increasing cobalt amount, while the Racah B parameter is in the 744–751 cm–1 range (C ∼3375 cm–1). To achieve a reliable estimation of the local Co-O distance, the tetrahedral distance evolution was recast to eliminate the effects of the inversion degree. By this way, a relaxation coefficient as low as ε = 0.47 was obtained, i.e., significantly smaller than literature data for other spinel systems. The gahnite-Co-aluminate join seems to be constrained by the strong preference of Zn2+ for the tetrahedral site in which its enhanced covalency can be exerted, limiting the cation exchange between tetrahedral and octahedral sites as well as the lattice flexibility.

Structural relaxation in tetrahedrally coordinated Co2+ along the gahnite-Co-aluminate spinel solid solution

ARDIT, Matteo;CRUCIANI, Giuseppe;
2012

Abstract

The structural relaxation around the Co2+ ion along the gahnite (ZnAl2O4)-Co-aluminate (CoAl2O4) join was investigated by a combined X-ray diffraction (XRD) and electronic absorption spectroscopy (EAS) approach. Monophasic spinel samples (Zn1–yCoyAl2O4 with y = 0, 0.25, 0.5, 0.75, and 1 apfu) were obtained through solid-state reaction (1300 °C with slow cooling). The cobalt incorporation induces a linear increase of the unit-cell parameter (a) accompanied by an increasing inversion parameter (up to 0.07) so that the Co2+ for Al3+ substitution in the octahedral site is, at a first approximation, the cause of the lattice expansion. However, a careful consideration of T-O distances highlights the role played by an enhanced covalence degree of Zn-O bonds. The optical spectra are characterized by the occurrence of electronic transitions of Co2+ in tetrahedral coordination affected by a strong spin-orbit coupling, causing a threefold splitting of spin-allowed bands. Further complications stem from mixing of quadruplet and doublet states (leading to a consistent intensity gain of spin-forbidden bands) and vibronic effects (producing intense sidebands). Crystal field strength goes from 4187 to 4131 cm–1 with increasing cobalt amount, while the Racah B parameter is in the 744–751 cm–1 range (C ∼3375 cm–1). To achieve a reliable estimation of the local Co-O distance, the tetrahedral distance evolution was recast to eliminate the effects of the inversion degree. By this way, a relaxation coefficient as low as ε = 0.47 was obtained, i.e., significantly smaller than literature data for other spinel systems. The gahnite-Co-aluminate join seems to be constrained by the strong preference of Zn2+ for the tetrahedral site in which its enhanced covalency can be exerted, limiting the cation exchange between tetrahedral and octahedral sites as well as the lattice flexibility.
Ardit, Matteo; Cruciani, Giuseppe; Dondi, M.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/1688903
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