Ca²⁺ transfer from endoplasmic reticulum (ER) to mitochondria can trigger apoptotic pathways by inducing release of mitochondrial pro-apoptotic factors. Three different types of inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor (IP₃R) serve to discharge Ca²⁺ from ER, but possess some peculiarities, especially in apoptosis induction. The anti-apoptotic protein Akt can phosphorylate all IP₃R isoforms and protect cells from apoptosis, reducing ER Ca²⁺ release. However, it has not been elucidated which IP₃R subtypes mediate these effects. Here, we show that Akt activation in COS7 cells, which lack of IP₃R I, strongly suppresses IP₃-mediated Ca²⁺ release and apoptosis. Conversely, in SH-SY 5Y cells, which are type III-deficient, Akt is unable to modulate ER Ca²⁺ flux, losing its anti-apoptotic activity. In SH-SY 5Y-expressing subtype III, Akt recovers its protective function on cell death, by reduction of Ca²⁺ release. Moreover, regulating Ca²⁺ flux to mitochondria, Akt maintains the mitochondrial integrity and delays the trigger of apoptosis, in a type III-dependent mechanism. These results demonstrate a specific activity of Akt on IP₃R III, leading to diminished Ca²⁺ transfer to mitochondria and protection from apoptosis, suggesting an additional level of cell death regulation mediated by Akt.

Selective modulation of subtype III IP₃R by Akt regulates ER Ca²⁺ release and apoptosis

MARCHI, Saverio;BONONI, Angela;BONORA, Massimo;GIORGI, Carlotta;RIMESSI, Alessandro;PINTON, Paolo
2012

Abstract

Ca²⁺ transfer from endoplasmic reticulum (ER) to mitochondria can trigger apoptotic pathways by inducing release of mitochondrial pro-apoptotic factors. Three different types of inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor (IP₃R) serve to discharge Ca²⁺ from ER, but possess some peculiarities, especially in apoptosis induction. The anti-apoptotic protein Akt can phosphorylate all IP₃R isoforms and protect cells from apoptosis, reducing ER Ca²⁺ release. However, it has not been elucidated which IP₃R subtypes mediate these effects. Here, we show that Akt activation in COS7 cells, which lack of IP₃R I, strongly suppresses IP₃-mediated Ca²⁺ release and apoptosis. Conversely, in SH-SY 5Y cells, which are type III-deficient, Akt is unable to modulate ER Ca²⁺ flux, losing its anti-apoptotic activity. In SH-SY 5Y-expressing subtype III, Akt recovers its protective function on cell death, by reduction of Ca²⁺ release. Moreover, regulating Ca²⁺ flux to mitochondria, Akt maintains the mitochondrial integrity and delays the trigger of apoptosis, in a type III-dependent mechanism. These results demonstrate a specific activity of Akt on IP₃R III, leading to diminished Ca²⁺ transfer to mitochondria and protection from apoptosis, suggesting an additional level of cell death regulation mediated by Akt.
Marchi, Saverio; Marinello, M; Bononi, Angela; Bonora, Massimo; Giorgi, Carlotta; Rimessi, Alessandro; Pinton, Paolo
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/1685769
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