The positioning of valves on the pipes of a Water Distribution System (WDS) is a core decision in the design of the isolation system of a WDS. When closed, valves permit to isolate a small portion of the network, so called a sector, which can be de-watered for maintenance purposes at the cost of a supply disruption. However, valves have a cost so their number is limited, and their position must be chosen carefully in order to minimize the worst-case supply disruption which may occur during pipe maintenance. Supply disruption is usually measured as the undelivered user demand. When a sector is isolated by closing its boundary valves, other portions of the network may become disconnected from the reservoirs as a secondary effect, and experience supply disruption as well. This induced isolation must be taken into account when computing the undelivered demand induced by a sector isolation. While sector topology can be described in terms of graph partitioning, accounting for induced undelivered demand requires network flow modeling. The aim of the problem is to locate a given number of valves at the extremes of the network pipes so that the maximum supply disruption is minimized. We present a Bilevel Mixed Integer Linear Programming (MILP) model for this problem and show how to reduce it to a single level MILP by exploiting duality. Computational results on a real case study are presented, showing the effectiveness of the approach.

A Bilevel Mixed Integer Linear Programming Model for Valves Location in Water Distribution Systems

PEANO, Andrea
Primo
;
NONATO, Maddalena
Secondo
;
GAVANELLI, Marco;ALVISI, Stefano
Penultimo
;
FRANCHINI, Marco
Ultimo
2012

Abstract

The positioning of valves on the pipes of a Water Distribution System (WDS) is a core decision in the design of the isolation system of a WDS. When closed, valves permit to isolate a small portion of the network, so called a sector, which can be de-watered for maintenance purposes at the cost of a supply disruption. However, valves have a cost so their number is limited, and their position must be chosen carefully in order to minimize the worst-case supply disruption which may occur during pipe maintenance. Supply disruption is usually measured as the undelivered user demand. When a sector is isolated by closing its boundary valves, other portions of the network may become disconnected from the reservoirs as a secondary effect, and experience supply disruption as well. This induced isolation must be taken into account when computing the undelivered demand induced by a sector isolation. While sector topology can be described in terms of graph partitioning, accounting for induced undelivered demand requires network flow modeling. The aim of the problem is to locate a given number of valves at the extremes of the network pipes so that the maximum supply disruption is minimized. We present a Bilevel Mixed Integer Linear Programming (MILP) model for this problem and show how to reduce it to a single level MILP by exploiting duality. Computational results on a real case study are presented, showing the effectiveness of the approach.
9783939897392
Isolation Valves Location; Bilevel Programming; Hydroinformatics
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/1683565
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