In order to clarify the possible interactions between nitric oxide (NO) and arachidonic acid (AA) pathways, human amnion-like WISH cells were perifused to measure the effects of the following substances on [(3)H]arachidonic acid release: (1) sodium nitroprusside (SNP), a nitric oxide donor; (2) 1,1,1-trifluoromethyl-6,9,12,15-heicosatetraen-2-one, a cytosolic phospholipase A(2) (cPLA(2)) inhibitor; (3)L -arginine, the substrate of nitric oxide synthase (NOS); (4) 3-(5'-Hydroxymethyl-2'-furyl)-1-benzylindazole and 1H-[1,2,4]oxadiazolo[4,3-alpha]quinoxalin-1-one, activator and inhibitor of soluble guanylyl cyclase, respectively; (5) a membrane-permeable non-hydrolyzable analogue of guanosine-3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cGMP). Furthermore, the effect of SNP on prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) release was tested. Exogenous and endogenous NO, as well as the guanylyl cyclase activator and cGMP analogue, significantly increased [(3)H]arachidonic acid release. Both soluble guanylyl cyclase and PLA(2) inhibitors counteracted SNP response. Exogenous NO increased PGE(2) release, although to a much lesser degree compared with arachidonic acid release. Our results indicate that NO stimulates AA release in WISH cells by activating PLA(2) through a cyclic GMP-dependent mechanism.

Effect of nitric oxide on arachidonic acid release from human amnion-like WISH cells.

BIONDI, Carla;CERVELLATI, Franco;FERRETTI, Maria Enrica;VESCE, Fortunato
2002

Abstract

In order to clarify the possible interactions between nitric oxide (NO) and arachidonic acid (AA) pathways, human amnion-like WISH cells were perifused to measure the effects of the following substances on [(3)H]arachidonic acid release: (1) sodium nitroprusside (SNP), a nitric oxide donor; (2) 1,1,1-trifluoromethyl-6,9,12,15-heicosatetraen-2-one, a cytosolic phospholipase A(2) (cPLA(2)) inhibitor; (3)L -arginine, the substrate of nitric oxide synthase (NOS); (4) 3-(5'-Hydroxymethyl-2'-furyl)-1-benzylindazole and 1H-[1,2,4]oxadiazolo[4,3-alpha]quinoxalin-1-one, activator and inhibitor of soluble guanylyl cyclase, respectively; (5) a membrane-permeable non-hydrolyzable analogue of guanosine-3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cGMP). Furthermore, the effect of SNP on prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) release was tested. Exogenous and endogenous NO, as well as the guanylyl cyclase activator and cGMP analogue, significantly increased [(3)H]arachidonic acid release. Both soluble guanylyl cyclase and PLA(2) inhibitors counteracted SNP response. Exogenous NO increased PGE(2) release, although to a much lesser degree compared with arachidonic acid release. Our results indicate that NO stimulates AA release in WISH cells by activating PLA(2) through a cyclic GMP-dependent mechanism.
2002
Biondi, Carla; S., Fiorini; I., Boarini; L., Barbin; Cervellati, Franco; Ferretti, Maria Enrica; Vesce, Fortunato
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/1683545
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