The site I redox-driven H+ pump has been activated by the addition of exogenous quinones to antimycin A-KCN-inhibited mitochondria. The rate of quinone reduction and the degree of rotenone sensitivity increase in the order, duroquinone less than ubiquinone0 less than ubiquinone1. Apparent Km, Vmax, and degree of sigmoidicity during e- transfer in the absence and presence of rotenone have been determined for each quinone. The data support the view that the NADH dehydrogenase possesses two redox sites, one accounting for the rotenone-sensitive reduction and another accounting for the rotenone-insensitive reduction. The degree of activation of the redox H+ pump, which reflects the rotenone-sensitive e- transfer, depends, for each quinone, on the relative Km, Vmax, and sigmoidicity of the rotenone-sensitive and insensitive processes. The redox H+ pump activation is highest with ubiquinone1, where the rotenone-sensitive reaction has a lower Km than that of the rotenone-insensitive reaction, and lowest with duroquinone where the rotenone-insensitive reaction has a high Vmax and no sigmoidicity with respect to that of the rotenone-sensitive reaction. Using ubiquinone1 the stoichiometry of the site I redox-driven H+ pump has been determined on either the flow or the force ratios. The flow ratios approached values of 4 H+/2 e- under conditions close to stationary state for H+ pumping and to zero for H+ electrochemical gradient. The force ratio also approached values close to 4 H+/2 e- under static head conditions.

Activation of site I redox-driven H+ pump by exogenous quinones in intact mitochondria.

DI VIRGILIO, Francesco;
1982

Abstract

The site I redox-driven H+ pump has been activated by the addition of exogenous quinones to antimycin A-KCN-inhibited mitochondria. The rate of quinone reduction and the degree of rotenone sensitivity increase in the order, duroquinone less than ubiquinone0 less than ubiquinone1. Apparent Km, Vmax, and degree of sigmoidicity during e- transfer in the absence and presence of rotenone have been determined for each quinone. The data support the view that the NADH dehydrogenase possesses two redox sites, one accounting for the rotenone-sensitive reduction and another accounting for the rotenone-insensitive reduction. The degree of activation of the redox H+ pump, which reflects the rotenone-sensitive e- transfer, depends, for each quinone, on the relative Km, Vmax, and sigmoidicity of the rotenone-sensitive and insensitive processes. The redox H+ pump activation is highest with ubiquinone1, where the rotenone-sensitive reaction has a lower Km than that of the rotenone-insensitive reaction, and lowest with duroquinone where the rotenone-insensitive reaction has a high Vmax and no sigmoidicity with respect to that of the rotenone-sensitive reaction. Using ubiquinone1 the stoichiometry of the site I redox-driven H+ pump has been determined on either the flow or the force ratios. The flow ratios approached values of 4 H+/2 e- under conditions close to stationary state for H+ pumping and to zero for H+ electrochemical gradient. The force ratio also approached values close to 4 H+/2 e- under static head conditions.
DI VIRGILIO, Francesco; Azzone, Gf
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/1679368
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