Ca2+ homoeostasis was investigated in pheochromocytoma neurosecretory (PC12) cells both before and after treatment with nerve growth factor, which induces a neuronal-like differentiation accompanied by a large increase in the number of muscarinic receptors. The resting concentration of free cytosolic Ca2+, [Ca2+]i, measured by the quin2 technique, was found to be higher and more variable in differentiated cells. Moreover, the [Ca2+]i rises induced by the Ca2+ ionophore ionomycin and by depolarizing concentrations of KC1 were greater and more transient. Exposure to carbachol induced modest, but long-lasting, [Ca2+]i rises, which were faster and greater in differentiated than in non-differentiated cells. These effects were due to the activation of the muscarinic receptor, because they were unaffected by nicotinic blockers (hexamethonium and D-tubocurarine) and completely eliminated by low concentrations of the muscarinic antagonists atropine and pirenzepine [IC50 (concn. causing 50% inhibition) = 2 and 60 nM respectively]. The muscarinic-receptor-dependent [Ca2+]i rises were the result of two concomitant processes: (1) redistribution of Ca2+ from cytoplasmic stores to the cytosol, possibly mediated by generation of inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate as a consequence of the muscarinic-receptor-coupled hydrolysis of polyphosphoinositides, and (2) increased Ca2+ influx through a pathway of the plasmalemma insensitive to verapamil and thus different from the voltage-dependent Ca2+ channel. The existence of this second process was documented: (a) by the difference of the [Ca2+]i responses brought about by carbachol in Ca2+-containing and Ca2+-free media; (b) by the occurrence of [Ca2+]i rise and increased 45Ca accumulation in cells exposed to 1 mM-CaCl2 after having been treated for 2 min with carbachol in Ca2+-free medium; (c) by typical differences in the quin2 signal kinetics observed in parallel samples of PC12 cells loaded with different concentrations of the dye.

Activation of muscarinic receptors in PC12 cells. Stimulation of Ca2+ influx and redistribution.

DI VIRGILIO, Francesco;
1986

Abstract

Ca2+ homoeostasis was investigated in pheochromocytoma neurosecretory (PC12) cells both before and after treatment with nerve growth factor, which induces a neuronal-like differentiation accompanied by a large increase in the number of muscarinic receptors. The resting concentration of free cytosolic Ca2+, [Ca2+]i, measured by the quin2 technique, was found to be higher and more variable in differentiated cells. Moreover, the [Ca2+]i rises induced by the Ca2+ ionophore ionomycin and by depolarizing concentrations of KC1 were greater and more transient. Exposure to carbachol induced modest, but long-lasting, [Ca2+]i rises, which were faster and greater in differentiated than in non-differentiated cells. These effects were due to the activation of the muscarinic receptor, because they were unaffected by nicotinic blockers (hexamethonium and D-tubocurarine) and completely eliminated by low concentrations of the muscarinic antagonists atropine and pirenzepine [IC50 (concn. causing 50% inhibition) = 2 and 60 nM respectively]. The muscarinic-receptor-dependent [Ca2+]i rises were the result of two concomitant processes: (1) redistribution of Ca2+ from cytoplasmic stores to the cytosol, possibly mediated by generation of inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate as a consequence of the muscarinic-receptor-coupled hydrolysis of polyphosphoinositides, and (2) increased Ca2+ influx through a pathway of the plasmalemma insensitive to verapamil and thus different from the voltage-dependent Ca2+ channel. The existence of this second process was documented: (a) by the difference of the [Ca2+]i responses brought about by carbachol in Ca2+-containing and Ca2+-free media; (b) by the occurrence of [Ca2+]i rise and increased 45Ca accumulation in cells exposed to 1 mM-CaCl2 after having been treated for 2 min with carbachol in Ca2+-free medium; (c) by typical differences in the quin2 signal kinetics observed in parallel samples of PC12 cells loaded with different concentrations of the dye.
Pozzan, T; DI VIRGILIO, Francesco; Vicentini, Lm; Meldolesi, J.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/1679351
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