Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of a new anatase coating with antibacterial properties (Bactercline anatase coating [BAC]) on dental implants in the commitment of stem cells derived from adipose tissue to osteoblasts. Materials and Methods: Using real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction, the quantitative expression of specific genes, such as transcriptional factors (runx2 and sp7), bone-related genes (spp1, col1a1, col3a1, alpl, and fosl1), and mesenchymal stem cells marker (eng), was examined. Results: BAC caused induction of bone-related genes such as sp7, fosl1, alpl, and spp1. In contrast, the expression of runx2, col3a1, and col1a1 was decreased in stem cells treated with BAC with respect to untreated cells. Conclusion: The obtained results are relevant to better understand the molecular mechanism of bone regeneration and as a model for comparing other materials with similar clinical effects. Copyright © 2012 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
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