High-temperature study of the synthetic melilite-related Ba2MgSi2O7 (s.g. C2/c) was performed up to 1273 K. Linear thermal expansion coefficients along the unit cell edges and of the volume are αa = 8.7×10-6 K-1, αb = 11.0×10-6 K-1, αc = 8.5×10-6 K-1, and αV = 31.1×10-6 K-1, respectively, showing an anisotropic expansion behaviour characterized by αa ≈ αc < αb. High-temperature data were then combined with high-pressure data (taken from the literature) for the same monoclinic sample. The “inverse relationship” of variation against temperature and pressure is observed for both the unit cell parameters and the (c/a) axial ratio as a function of the molar volume. A further comparison with melilite-type compounds at ambient condition along the join (Ca-Sr-Ba)2MgSi2O7 reveals that the tetragonal polymorph of the barium compound (Ba2MgSi2O7) should be a metastable phase favoured by high pressure conditions.
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