Objectives: In a cohort of patients with hereditary transthyretin-related amyloidosis (ATTR), we aimed to assess the role of 99mTc-3,3- diphosphono-1,2-propanodicarboxylic acid ( 99mTc-DPD) in detecting myocardial amyloid infiltration across a wide spectrum of cardiac involvement and in predicting major adverse cardiac events (MACE). Background: Hereditary transthyretin-related amyloidosis is a challenging and underdiagnosed condition where both early diagnosis and prognosis remain problematic. Methods: We evaluated 63 patients with ATTR: 40 with and 23 without echocardiographically diagnosed amyloidotic cardiomyopathy (AC). Myocardial uptake of 99mTc-DPD scintigraphy was semiquantitatively and visually assessed at 5 min and 3 h. Results: All patients with AC showed moderate-to-severe myocardial tracer uptake (i.e., visual score <2). Within the subgroup without AC, only 4 patients (with Ala36Pro, Gly47Ala, Thr49Ala, and Glu89Gln transthyretin mutations) showed myocardial tracer uptake and abnormal heart/whole body retention (H/WB) values: in all these cases endomyocardial biopsies showed amyloidotic infiltration. The H/WB was positively correlated with left ventricular (LV) mean wall thickness (Pearson's r = 0.695, p < 0.001) and negatively with LV ejection fraction (r = -0.368, p = 0.004). The H/WB was an unfavorable predictor of MACE-free survival at Cox univariate analysis and contributed to the multivariate model. Notably, LV wall thickness >12 mm in combination with H/WB >7.5 was associated with the highest event rate. Conclusions: In ATTR, 99mTc-DPD scintigraphy can identify myocardial infiltration across a wide spectrum of morphologic/functional cardiac involvement, allowing an early diagnosis of the disease (even before the appearance of echocardiographic abnormalities). The 99mTc-DPD myocardial uptake is a prognostic determinant of "cardiac" outcome in ATTR, either alone or in combination with LV wall thickness. © 2011 American College of Cardiology Foundation.

Role of 99mTc-DPD scintigraphy in diagnosis and prognosis of hereditary transthyretin-related cardiac amyloidosis

Rapezzi C;FERLINI, Alessandra;VILLANI, Caterina;
2011

Abstract

Objectives: In a cohort of patients with hereditary transthyretin-related amyloidosis (ATTR), we aimed to assess the role of 99mTc-3,3- diphosphono-1,2-propanodicarboxylic acid ( 99mTc-DPD) in detecting myocardial amyloid infiltration across a wide spectrum of cardiac involvement and in predicting major adverse cardiac events (MACE). Background: Hereditary transthyretin-related amyloidosis is a challenging and underdiagnosed condition where both early diagnosis and prognosis remain problematic. Methods: We evaluated 63 patients with ATTR: 40 with and 23 without echocardiographically diagnosed amyloidotic cardiomyopathy (AC). Myocardial uptake of 99mTc-DPD scintigraphy was semiquantitatively and visually assessed at 5 min and 3 h. Results: All patients with AC showed moderate-to-severe myocardial tracer uptake (i.e., visual score <2). Within the subgroup without AC, only 4 patients (with Ala36Pro, Gly47Ala, Thr49Ala, and Glu89Gln transthyretin mutations) showed myocardial tracer uptake and abnormal heart/whole body retention (H/WB) values: in all these cases endomyocardial biopsies showed amyloidotic infiltration. The H/WB was positively correlated with left ventricular (LV) mean wall thickness (Pearson's r = 0.695, p < 0.001) and negatively with LV ejection fraction (r = -0.368, p = 0.004). The H/WB was an unfavorable predictor of MACE-free survival at Cox univariate analysis and contributed to the multivariate model. Notably, LV wall thickness >12 mm in combination with H/WB >7.5 was associated with the highest event rate. Conclusions: In ATTR, 99mTc-DPD scintigraphy can identify myocardial infiltration across a wide spectrum of morphologic/functional cardiac involvement, allowing an early diagnosis of the disease (even before the appearance of echocardiographic abnormalities). The 99mTc-DPD myocardial uptake is a prognostic determinant of "cardiac" outcome in ATTR, either alone or in combination with LV wall thickness. © 2011 American College of Cardiology Foundation.
2011
Rapezzi, C; Quarta, Cc; Guidalotti, Pl; Pettinato, C; Fanti, S; Leone, O; Ferlini, Alessandra; Longhi, S; Lorenzini, M; Reggiani, Lb; Gagliardi, C; Gallo, P; Villani, Caterina; Salvi, F.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/1529968
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