To describe a rare association between rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Two new cases of patients with RA who developed amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), one receiving anti-TNFα agents, were reported. Only other five cases of this rare association have been previously described in literature. The simultaneous presence of the two diseases represents a difficult diagnostic challenge because RA may mimic some musculoskeletal symptoms of ALS. There is no evidence in favor of a common pathophysiologic mechanism, and thus the possibility of a fortuitous association must be raised. A neurotoxic side effect of various drugs for RA treatment could be considered. Casual or causal association remains a difficult choice. The possibility of a coincidental association must be raised but neurologic side effects of TNFα blockers lead to discussion.

Concomitant rheumatoid arthritis and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis: report of two new cases and review of literature

PADOVAN, Melissa;TROTTA, Francesco;GOVONI, Marcello
2011

Abstract

To describe a rare association between rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Two new cases of patients with RA who developed amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), one receiving anti-TNFα agents, were reported. Only other five cases of this rare association have been previously described in literature. The simultaneous presence of the two diseases represents a difficult diagnostic challenge because RA may mimic some musculoskeletal symptoms of ALS. There is no evidence in favor of a common pathophysiologic mechanism, and thus the possibility of a fortuitous association must be raised. A neurotoxic side effect of various drugs for RA treatment could be considered. Casual or causal association remains a difficult choice. The possibility of a coincidental association must be raised but neurologic side effects of TNFα blockers lead to discussion.
Padovan, Melissa; Caniatti, L. M.; Trotta, Francesco; Govoni, Marcello
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/1459514
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