CXCL12/CXCR4 chemokine/receptor axis signaling has recently been found to play an important role in the remodeling of bone tissue, but little is known about the molecular mechanisms that are involved. The present study shows that CXCL12 is present at high levels both in human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) and primary osteoblasts (hOBs). When osteogenesis was induced, CXCL12 expression was strictly confined to mineralized nodules. To investigate what mechanisms contribute to the maintenance of a correct expression of CXCL12 in bone cellular context, we analyzed the relationship between CXCL12 and Slug, a transcription factor recently associated with osteoblast maturation. By gene silencing and chromatin immunoprecipitation assay, we showed that both proteins are required for the mineralization process and CXCL12 is transcriptionally and functionally regulated by Slug, which is recruited at specific sites to its gene promoter in vivo. These findings showed for the first time a positive correlation between CXCL12 signaling and Slug activity, thus corroborating the role of these two proteins in bone cellular context and suggesting a new potential target for bone tissue repair and regeneration.

Slug contributes to the regulation of CXCL12 expression in human osteoblasts.

PIVA, Maria Roberta;LAMBERTINI, Elisabetta;TORREGGIANI, Elena;PENOLAZZI, Maria Letizia;GAMBARI, Roberto;PASTORE, Antonio;PELUCCHI, Stefano;
2011

Abstract

CXCL12/CXCR4 chemokine/receptor axis signaling has recently been found to play an important role in the remodeling of bone tissue, but little is known about the molecular mechanisms that are involved. The present study shows that CXCL12 is present at high levels both in human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) and primary osteoblasts (hOBs). When osteogenesis was induced, CXCL12 expression was strictly confined to mineralized nodules. To investigate what mechanisms contribute to the maintenance of a correct expression of CXCL12 in bone cellular context, we analyzed the relationship between CXCL12 and Slug, a transcription factor recently associated with osteoblast maturation. By gene silencing and chromatin immunoprecipitation assay, we showed that both proteins are required for the mineralization process and CXCL12 is transcriptionally and functionally regulated by Slug, which is recruited at specific sites to its gene promoter in vivo. These findings showed for the first time a positive correlation between CXCL12 signaling and Slug activity, thus corroborating the role of these two proteins in bone cellular context and suggesting a new potential target for bone tissue repair and regeneration.
Piva, Maria Roberta; Manferdini, C; Lambertini, Elisabetta; Torreggiani, Elena; Penolazzi, Maria Letizia; Gambari, Roberto; Pastore, Antonio; Pelucchi, Stefano; Gabusi, E; Piacentini, A; Filardo, G; Facchini, A; Lisignoli, G.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11392/1411526
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 9
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 9
social impact