Light and ultrastructure studies were carried out on gill of sea bream, Sparus aurata L., naturally infected with Ergasilus sieboldi (Copepoda) to assess pathology and host cell responses. Thirty S. aurata were examined, and 23 (74%) were infected, the intensity of infection ranging from 3 to 50 parasites per host. The copepod encircled gill lamellae with its second antennae, occluded arteries, compressed the epithelium, provoked hyperplasia and haemorrhage, and often caused tissue disruption. Adjacent to the site of attachment, rodlet cells (RCs), mast cells (MCs) and mucous cells were observed. In parasitized fish, mucous cells were more abundant in infected gills than in uninfected (t-test, P < 0.01), while no significant differences were encountered in the numbers of RCs and MCs between gill of infected and uninfected fish (t-test, P > 0.01). In both infected and uninfected gill, the RCs were within the primary lamella and also sometimes occurred in secondary lamella. In healthy and infected gill, MCs were free within the connective tissue inside and outside the blood vessels of the primary lamellae and made close contact with vascular endothelial cells. Infected and uninfected gill mucous cells stained positively for neutral muco-substances (PAS positive). In all sea bream, gill mucous cells presented a central or eccentric electron-dense core within the mucus granules.

Cellular response in semi-intensively cultured sea bream gills to Ergasilus sieboldi (Copepoda) with emphasis on the distribution, histochemistry and fine structure of mucous cells

SAYYAF DEZFULI, Bahram;SQUERZANTI, Samantha;CASTALDELLI, Giuseppe;GIARI, Luisa
2010

Abstract

Light and ultrastructure studies were carried out on gill of sea bream, Sparus aurata L., naturally infected with Ergasilus sieboldi (Copepoda) to assess pathology and host cell responses. Thirty S. aurata were examined, and 23 (74%) were infected, the intensity of infection ranging from 3 to 50 parasites per host. The copepod encircled gill lamellae with its second antennae, occluded arteries, compressed the epithelium, provoked hyperplasia and haemorrhage, and often caused tissue disruption. Adjacent to the site of attachment, rodlet cells (RCs), mast cells (MCs) and mucous cells were observed. In parasitized fish, mucous cells were more abundant in infected gills than in uninfected (t-test, P < 0.01), while no significant differences were encountered in the numbers of RCs and MCs between gill of infected and uninfected fish (t-test, P > 0.01). In both infected and uninfected gill, the RCs were within the primary lamella and also sometimes occurred in secondary lamella. In healthy and infected gill, MCs were free within the connective tissue inside and outside the blood vessels of the primary lamellae and made close contact with vascular endothelial cells. Infected and uninfected gill mucous cells stained positively for neutral muco-substances (PAS positive). In all sea bream, gill mucous cells presented a central or eccentric electron-dense core within the mucus granules.
SAYYAF DEZFULI, Bahram; Squerzanti, Samantha; S., Fabbri; Castaldelli, Giuseppe; Giari, Luisa
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/1406085
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