Two families of dyad and triad systems based on perylene monoimide (PMI), quaterthiophene (QT), and 9,10-bis(1,3-dithiol-2-ylidene)-9,10- dihydroanthracene (extended tetrathiafulvalene, exTTF) molecular components have been designed and synthesized. The dyads (D1 and D2) are of the PMI–QT type and the triads (T1 and T2) of the PMI–QT–exTTF type. The two families differ in the saturated or unsaturated nature of the linker groups (ethynylene in D1 and T1, ethylene in D2 and T2) that bridge the molecular components. The dyads and triads have been characterized by electrochemical, photophysical, and computational methods. Both the experimental and the computational (DFT) results indicate that in the unsaturated systems strong intercomponent interactions lead to substantial perturbation of the properties of the subunits. In particular, in T1, delocalization is particularly effective between the QT and exTTF units, which would be better viewed combined as a single electronic subsystem. For the dyad systems, the photophysics observed following excitation of the PMI unit is solvent-dependent. In moderately polar solvents (dichloromethane, diethyl ether) fast charge separation is followed by recombination to the ground state. In toluene, slow conversion to the chargeseparated state is followed by intersystem crossing and recombination to yield the triplet state of the PMI unit. The behavior of the triads, on the other hand, is remarkably similar to that of the corresponding dyads, which indicates that, after primary charge separation, hole shift from the oxidized QT component to exTTF is quite inefficient. This unexpected result has been rationalized on the basis of the anomalous (simultaneous two-electron oxidation) electrochemistry of exTTF and with the help of DFT calculations. In fact, although exTTF is electrochemically easier to oxidize than QT by around 0.6 V, the one-electron redox orbitals (HOMOs) of the two units in triad T2 are almost degenerate.

Hole-Transfer Dyads and Triads Based on Perylene Monoimide, Quaterthiophene, and Extended Tetrathiafulvalene

PERIN, Nicola;CHIORBOLI, Claudio;FRACASSO, Sandro;RAVAGLIA, Marcella;SCANDOLA, Franco
2010

Abstract

Two families of dyad and triad systems based on perylene monoimide (PMI), quaterthiophene (QT), and 9,10-bis(1,3-dithiol-2-ylidene)-9,10- dihydroanthracene (extended tetrathiafulvalene, exTTF) molecular components have been designed and synthesized. The dyads (D1 and D2) are of the PMI–QT type and the triads (T1 and T2) of the PMI–QT–exTTF type. The two families differ in the saturated or unsaturated nature of the linker groups (ethynylene in D1 and T1, ethylene in D2 and T2) that bridge the molecular components. The dyads and triads have been characterized by electrochemical, photophysical, and computational methods. Both the experimental and the computational (DFT) results indicate that in the unsaturated systems strong intercomponent interactions lead to substantial perturbation of the properties of the subunits. In particular, in T1, delocalization is particularly effective between the QT and exTTF units, which would be better viewed combined as a single electronic subsystem. For the dyad systems, the photophysics observed following excitation of the PMI unit is solvent-dependent. In moderately polar solvents (dichloromethane, diethyl ether) fast charge separation is followed by recombination to the ground state. In toluene, slow conversion to the chargeseparated state is followed by intersystem crossing and recombination to yield the triplet state of the PMI unit. The behavior of the triads, on the other hand, is remarkably similar to that of the corresponding dyads, which indicates that, after primary charge separation, hole shift from the oxidized QT component to exTTF is quite inefficient. This unexpected result has been rationalized on the basis of the anomalous (simultaneous two-electron oxidation) electrochemistry of exTTF and with the help of DFT calculations. In fact, although exTTF is electrochemically easier to oxidize than QT by around 0.6 V, the one-electron redox orbitals (HOMOs) of the two units in triad T2 are almost degenerate.
2010
J., Boixel; E., Blart; Y., Pellegrin; F., Odobel; Perin, Nicola; Chiorboli, Claudio; Fracasso, Sandro; Ravaglia, Marcella; Scandola, Franco
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/1401452
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