Backround: Stroke is a leading cause of death in industrialized countries, representing the main cause of long-term disability. Recent studies indicate that hypopituitarism may be observed after an acute stroke. Objective: The aim was to prospectively investigate incidence and pattern of pituitary dysfunction in patients suffering ischemic stroke and to assess the predictive value of different clinical and radiological parameters for hypopituitarism. Patients and Methods: We assessed endocrine, clinical, radiological, and functional parameters in 56 patients (34 males; mean age, 64.8 +/- 1.3 yr; mean body mass index, 25.8 +/- 0.45 kg/m(2)) at 1-3 months (visit 1) and 12-15 months (visit 2) after an ischemic stroke. Results: At visit 1, hypopituitarism was detected in 20 (35.7%) of 56 stroke patients, with multiple deficits in three and isolated deficits in 17. At visit 2, hypopituitarism was detected in 18 (37.5%) of 48 stroke patients, with multiple deficits in two. Four patients with previously diagnosed isolated GH or LH/FSH deficit exhibited normal pituitary function, whereas GH deficiency was newly diagnosed in three cases. Hypopituitarism was associated with worse outcome. We identified both clinical (preexisting diabetes mellitus, medical complications during hospitalization) and radiological (Alberta Stroke Programme Early CT Score

Predictors of Pituitary Dysfunction in Patients Surviving Ischemic Stroke

BONDANELLI, Marta
Primo
;
AMBROSIO, Maria Rosaria
Secondo
;
CARLI, Anna;BERTOCCHI, Amedeo;ZATELLI, Maria Chiara;CERUTI, Stefano;BASAGLIA, Nino
Penultimo
;
DEGLI UBERTI, Ettore
Ultimo
2010

Abstract

Backround: Stroke is a leading cause of death in industrialized countries, representing the main cause of long-term disability. Recent studies indicate that hypopituitarism may be observed after an acute stroke. Objective: The aim was to prospectively investigate incidence and pattern of pituitary dysfunction in patients suffering ischemic stroke and to assess the predictive value of different clinical and radiological parameters for hypopituitarism. Patients and Methods: We assessed endocrine, clinical, radiological, and functional parameters in 56 patients (34 males; mean age, 64.8 +/- 1.3 yr; mean body mass index, 25.8 +/- 0.45 kg/m(2)) at 1-3 months (visit 1) and 12-15 months (visit 2) after an ischemic stroke. Results: At visit 1, hypopituitarism was detected in 20 (35.7%) of 56 stroke patients, with multiple deficits in three and isolated deficits in 17. At visit 2, hypopituitarism was detected in 18 (37.5%) of 48 stroke patients, with multiple deficits in two. Four patients with previously diagnosed isolated GH or LH/FSH deficit exhibited normal pituitary function, whereas GH deficiency was newly diagnosed in three cases. Hypopituitarism was associated with worse outcome. We identified both clinical (preexisting diabetes mellitus, medical complications during hospitalization) and radiological (Alberta Stroke Programme Early CT Score
Bondanelli, Marta; Ambrosio, Maria Rosaria; Carli, Anna; Bergonzoni, A.; Bertocchi, Amedeo; Zatelli, Maria Chiara; Ceruti, Stefano; Valle, D.; Basaglia, Nino; DEGLI UBERTI, Ettore
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/1401107
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