Cyclic adenosine 3'-5'-monophosphate (cAMP) is a second messenger, which exerts an important role in the control of human first-trimester trophoblast functions. In the present study we demonstrate the existence of a mechanism that is able to extrude cAMP from trophoblast-derived cell lines, and show evidence indicating the involvement of multidrug resistance protein (MRP) 1, a transporter belonging to the ATP-binding cassette family, in cAMP egress. MRP1 is expressed in trophoblast cell lines and cAMP efflux is highly reduced by the MRP1 inhibitor, MK-571. In addition, interleukin-1beta and estrone are able to enhance MRP1 gene expression and influence extracellular cAMP concentration. The occurrence of a MRP1-dependent cAMP efflux is also shown in human first-trimester placenta explants. Extracellular cAMP could represent a source for adenosine formation, which in turn could regulate cAMP-dependent responses in placental tissue. Evidence is provided that adenosine receptor subtypes are present and functional in human trophoblast-derived cells. A role for cAMP egress mechanism in the fine modulation of the nucleotide homeostasis is therefore suggested.

cAMP efflux from human trophoblast cell lines: a role for multidrug resistance protein (MRP)1 transporter.

BIONDI, Carla;FERRETTI, Maria Enrica;LUNGHI, Laura;MEDICI, Silvia;CERVELLATI, Franco;PAVAN, Barbara;VESCE, Fortunato;MORANO, Danila;ADINOLFI, Elena;BERTONI, Fabrizio;ABELLI, Luigi
2010

Abstract

Cyclic adenosine 3'-5'-monophosphate (cAMP) is a second messenger, which exerts an important role in the control of human first-trimester trophoblast functions. In the present study we demonstrate the existence of a mechanism that is able to extrude cAMP from trophoblast-derived cell lines, and show evidence indicating the involvement of multidrug resistance protein (MRP) 1, a transporter belonging to the ATP-binding cassette family, in cAMP egress. MRP1 is expressed in trophoblast cell lines and cAMP efflux is highly reduced by the MRP1 inhibitor, MK-571. In addition, interleukin-1beta and estrone are able to enhance MRP1 gene expression and influence extracellular cAMP concentration. The occurrence of a MRP1-dependent cAMP efflux is also shown in human first-trimester placenta explants. Extracellular cAMP could represent a source for adenosine formation, which in turn could regulate cAMP-dependent responses in placental tissue. Evidence is provided that adenosine receptor subtypes are present and functional in human trophoblast-derived cells. A role for cAMP egress mechanism in the fine modulation of the nucleotide homeostasis is therefore suggested.
Biondi, Carla; Ferretti, Maria Enrica; Lunghi, Laura; Medici, Silvia; Cervellati, Franco; Pavan, Barbara; Vesce, Fortunato; Morano, Danila; Adinolfi, Elena; Bertoni, Fabrizio; Abelli, Luigi
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/1399264
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