Since severe asthma is a poorly understood, major health problem, 12 clinical specialist centres in nine European countries formed a European Network For Understanding Mechanisms Of Severe Asthma (ENFUMOSA). In a cross-sectional observational study, a total of 163 subjects with severe asthma were compared with 158 subjects whose asthma was controlled by low doses of inhaled corticosteroids (median dose of beclomethasone equivalents 666 microg). Despite being treated with higher doses of inhaled corticosteroids (median dose 1773 microg) and for a third of the severe asthmatics also being treated with regular, oral-steroid therapy (median daily dose 19 mg), the subjects with severe asthma met the inclusion criteria. The criteria required subjects to have undergone at least one asthma exacerbation in the past year requiring oral steroid treatment. Females dominated the severe asthma group (female/male ratio 4.4:1 versus 1.6:1 in the controlled asthmatics), and compared with controlled asthmatics, they had a predominantly neutrophilic inflammation (sputum neutrophils, 36 versus 28%) and evidence of ongoing mediator release but less atopy. From these findings and other physiological and clinical data reported in this paper, it is suggested that severe asthma might be a different form of asthma rather than an increase in asthma symptoms. The findings prompt for longitudinal studies and interventions to define the mechanisms in severe asthma.

The ENFUMOSA cross-sectional European multicentre study of the clinical phenotype of chronic severe asthma

PAPI, Alberto;
2003

Abstract

Since severe asthma is a poorly understood, major health problem, 12 clinical specialist centres in nine European countries formed a European Network For Understanding Mechanisms Of Severe Asthma (ENFUMOSA). In a cross-sectional observational study, a total of 163 subjects with severe asthma were compared with 158 subjects whose asthma was controlled by low doses of inhaled corticosteroids (median dose of beclomethasone equivalents 666 microg). Despite being treated with higher doses of inhaled corticosteroids (median dose 1773 microg) and for a third of the severe asthmatics also being treated with regular, oral-steroid therapy (median daily dose 19 mg), the subjects with severe asthma met the inclusion criteria. The criteria required subjects to have undergone at least one asthma exacerbation in the past year requiring oral steroid treatment. Females dominated the severe asthma group (female/male ratio 4.4:1 versus 1.6:1 in the controlled asthmatics), and compared with controlled asthmatics, they had a predominantly neutrophilic inflammation (sputum neutrophils, 36 versus 28%) and evidence of ongoing mediator release but less atopy. From these findings and other physiological and clinical data reported in this paper, it is suggested that severe asthma might be a different form of asthma rather than an increase in asthma symptoms. The findings prompt for longitudinal studies and interventions to define the mechanisms in severe asthma.
Abraham, B; Anto, Jm; Barreiro, E; Bel, Ehd; Bonsignore, G; Bousquet, J; Castellsague, J; Chanez, P; Cibella, F; Cuttitta, G; Dahlen, B; Dahlen, Se; Drews, N; Djukanovic, R; Fabbri, Lm; Folkerts, G; Gaga, M; Gratziou, C; Guerrera, G; Holgate, St; Howarth, Ph; Johnston, Sl; Kanniess, F; Kips, Jc; Kerstjens, Ham; Kumlin, M; Magnussen, H; Nijkamp, Fp; Papageorgiou, N; Papi, Alberto; Postma, Ds; Pauwels, Ra; Rabe, Kf; Richter, K; Roldaan, Ac; Romagnoli, M; Roquet, A; Sanjuas, C; Siafakas, Nm; Timens, W; Tzanakis, N; Vachier, I; Vignola, Am; Watson, L; Yourgioti, G; CA ENFUMOSA STUDY, Grp
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/1376933
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 680
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 590
social impact