The stress corrosion cracking (SCC) susceptibility of 13% Cr martensitic (UNS S42000) and supermartensitic (UNS S41125) steels in sodium chloride solutions in the presence of thiosulphate was evaluated by slow strain rate tests (SSRT). The tests were performed in 5% sodium chloride solutions buffered at pH 2.7, 3.5, 4.5 and 6.0 in the absence and presence of thiosulphate in a concentration range between 10-6 and 10-3 M, at 25 + 0.1 °C. The electrochemical behaviour of the two steels in the different solutions was determined by recording the anodic and cathodic polarisation curves. 13% Cr martensitic steel showed SCC in 5% sodium chloride solutions with pH <= 4.5 in the presence of 3 x 10-6 M thiosulphate. Decreasing the chloride ion concentration from 50 to 10 g/l, the critical concentration of thiosulphate to provoke SCC susceptibility increased from 3 x 10-6 to 1 x 10-5 M. The resistance to SCC of the supermartensitic steel was higher than that of the martensitic steel. The critical concentration of thiosulphate to induce SCC on the supermartensitic steel were 1 x 10-5 M at pH 2.7 and 1 x 10-4 M at pH 3.5. At pH <= 4.5 the supermartensitic steel did not crack. The anodic and cathodic polarisation curves evidenced the influence of the thiosulphate on the corrosion and the activation effect on the steels. The SCC of the two steels was attributed to hydrogen embrittlement produced by sulphur and hydrogen sulphide formed by dismutation and reduction of thiosulphate.

Stress Corrosion Cracking of 13% Cr martensitic steels in sodium chloride solutions in the presence of thiosulphate

ZUCCHI, Fabrizio;TRABANELLI, Giordano;GRASSI, Vincenzo
2000

Abstract

The stress corrosion cracking (SCC) susceptibility of 13% Cr martensitic (UNS S42000) and supermartensitic (UNS S41125) steels in sodium chloride solutions in the presence of thiosulphate was evaluated by slow strain rate tests (SSRT). The tests were performed in 5% sodium chloride solutions buffered at pH 2.7, 3.5, 4.5 and 6.0 in the absence and presence of thiosulphate in a concentration range between 10-6 and 10-3 M, at 25 + 0.1 °C. The electrochemical behaviour of the two steels in the different solutions was determined by recording the anodic and cathodic polarisation curves. 13% Cr martensitic steel showed SCC in 5% sodium chloride solutions with pH <= 4.5 in the presence of 3 x 10-6 M thiosulphate. Decreasing the chloride ion concentration from 50 to 10 g/l, the critical concentration of thiosulphate to provoke SCC susceptibility increased from 3 x 10-6 to 1 x 10-5 M. The resistance to SCC of the supermartensitic steel was higher than that of the martensitic steel. The critical concentration of thiosulphate to induce SCC on the supermartensitic steel were 1 x 10-5 M at pH 2.7 and 1 x 10-4 M at pH 3.5. At pH <= 4.5 the supermartensitic steel did not crack. The anodic and cathodic polarisation curves evidenced the influence of the thiosulphate on the corrosion and the activation effect on the steels. The SCC of the two steels was attributed to hydrogen embrittlement produced by sulphur and hydrogen sulphide formed by dismutation and reduction of thiosulphate.
Zucchi, Fabrizio; Trabanelli, Giordano; Grassi, Vincenzo
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11392/1210013
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