Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) belong to a family of proteins essential for those processes involving extracellular matrix degradation, such as embryonic development, morphogenesis, and tissue resorption and remodeling. Some members of this family play a crucial role also in tumor invasion. Most notably, MMP-9 is expressed in invasive tumors, and represents a key protein in brain tumor progression, whereas it is not expressed in adult normal tissues. The expression of the MMP-9, like other members of the family, is transcriptionally regulated. We, therefore, postulated that the MMP-9 promoter could be useful in driving selective expression of exogenous genes in tumor cells. This represents a key feature for gene therapy applications, since currently employed viral promoters induce severe organ toxicity, limiting the clinical benefits. In this study, we investigated the activity of the MMP-9 promoter in driving exogenous gene expression in human cell lines. High levels of reporter gene expression were detected in tumor derived cell lines, whereas the MMP-9 promoter activity in non-tumor cells was negligible. Furthermore, we show that tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha) is able to enhance considerably the MMP-9 promoter activity only in tumor cells. Since recent studies have indicated that MMP-9 enzymatic activity is detectable in the blood, it would be possible to screen potential responsive patients for a tumor gene therapy approach based on the MMP-9 promoter. Taken together these data suggest that MMP-9 promoter has the characteristics for transcritpionally targeted and inducible gene therapy applications.

Activity of the matrix metalloproteinase 9 promoter in human normal and tumor cells

MORELLI, Cristina;CAMPIONI, Katia;TOGNON, Mauro
2004

Abstract

Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) belong to a family of proteins essential for those processes involving extracellular matrix degradation, such as embryonic development, morphogenesis, and tissue resorption and remodeling. Some members of this family play a crucial role also in tumor invasion. Most notably, MMP-9 is expressed in invasive tumors, and represents a key protein in brain tumor progression, whereas it is not expressed in adult normal tissues. The expression of the MMP-9, like other members of the family, is transcriptionally regulated. We, therefore, postulated that the MMP-9 promoter could be useful in driving selective expression of exogenous genes in tumor cells. This represents a key feature for gene therapy applications, since currently employed viral promoters induce severe organ toxicity, limiting the clinical benefits. In this study, we investigated the activity of the MMP-9 promoter in driving exogenous gene expression in human cell lines. High levels of reporter gene expression were detected in tumor derived cell lines, whereas the MMP-9 promoter activity in non-tumor cells was negligible. Furthermore, we show that tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha) is able to enhance considerably the MMP-9 promoter activity only in tumor cells. Since recent studies have indicated that MMP-9 enzymatic activity is detectable in the blood, it would be possible to screen potential responsive patients for a tumor gene therapy approach based on the MMP-9 promoter. Taken together these data suggest that MMP-9 promoter has the characteristics for transcritpionally targeted and inducible gene therapy applications.
2004
Morelli, Cristina; Campioni, Katia; Parolin, C.; Palu', G.; Tognon, Mauro
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/1209837
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 14
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 15
social impact