Two analogs of the prototypical peptide for-Met-Leu-Phe-OMe (fMLP-OMe), for-Gln-Tyr-Phe-OMe (1) and for-Gln-Tyr-Tyr-OMe (2), carrying unusual hydrophilic residues, were synthesized in order to investigate whether they provoked specific biological responses, as well as intracellular calcium mobilization, in human neutrophils. Whereas neither compound stimulates chemotaxis, both are able to elicit lysosomal enzyme production. However compound 1 is able to trigger copious superoxide anion production while compound 2 only elicits minor superoxide anion production. In binding experiments on formylpeptide receptors, the newly synthesized compounds for-Gln-Tyr-Phe-OMe (1) and for-Gln-Tyr-Tyr-OMe (2) showed affinity values in the micromolar range. These derivatives demonstrate inability to find a positive contribute from single substitutions. A very important result of this research is the evidence of the ability of the formyl group alone to trigger the primary target of the human neutrophil activity, i.e. killing mechanisms, by activating the specific receptor conformation.

Biological activity of for-Met-Leu-Phe-OMe analogs: relevant substitutions specifically trigger killing mechanisms in human neutrophils

CAVICCHIONI, Giorgio
Primo
;
FRAULINI A
Secondo
;
TURCHETTI M;VARANI, Katia;FALZARANO S;PAVAN, Barbara
Penultimo
;
SPISANI, Susanna
Ultimo
2005

Abstract

Two analogs of the prototypical peptide for-Met-Leu-Phe-OMe (fMLP-OMe), for-Gln-Tyr-Phe-OMe (1) and for-Gln-Tyr-Tyr-OMe (2), carrying unusual hydrophilic residues, were synthesized in order to investigate whether they provoked specific biological responses, as well as intracellular calcium mobilization, in human neutrophils. Whereas neither compound stimulates chemotaxis, both are able to elicit lysosomal enzyme production. However compound 1 is able to trigger copious superoxide anion production while compound 2 only elicits minor superoxide anion production. In binding experiments on formylpeptide receptors, the newly synthesized compounds for-Gln-Tyr-Phe-OMe (1) and for-Gln-Tyr-Tyr-OMe (2) showed affinity values in the micromolar range. These derivatives demonstrate inability to find a positive contribute from single substitutions. A very important result of this research is the evidence of the ability of the formyl group alone to trigger the primary target of the human neutrophil activity, i.e. killing mechanisms, by activating the specific receptor conformation.
Cavicchioni, Giorgio; Fraulini, A; Turchetti, M; Varani, Katia; Falzarano, S; Pavan, Barbara; Spisani, Susanna
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/1209531
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