The expression and function of surface TRAIL and TRAIL receptors were investigated in primary megakaryocytic cells, generated in serum-free liquid phase from peripheral human CD34(+) cells. The surface expression of both TRAIL and "death receptor" TRAIL-R2 became detectable starting from the early phase of megakaryocytic differentiation (day 6 of culture) and persisted at later (days10-14) culture times. On the other hand, "death receptor" TRAIL-R1, "decoy receptors" TRAIL-R3, and TRAIL-R4 were barely detectable or undetectable at any time point examined. Addition of recombinant TRAIL at day 6 of culture increased the rate of spontaneous apoptosis of CD34(+)/CD41(dim) megakaryoblasts and it significantly decreased the total output of mature megakaryocytic cells evaluated after additional 4-8 days of culture. Conversely, addition in culture of TRAIL-R2-Fc chimera, which blocked the interaction between endogenous TRAIL and TRAIL-R2 on the surface of cultured megakaryocytic cells, increased the total megakaryocytic cell count. In addition, recombinant TRAIL promoted a small but reproducible increase of maturation in the surviving megakaryocytic cell population, evaluated by both phenotypic analysis and morphology. A similar pro-maturation effect was observed when TRAIL was added to bone marrow-derived CD61(+) megakaryocytic cells. Thus, our data suggest a role of TRAIL as a regulator of megakaryocytopoiesis.
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|Titolo:||Functional expression of TRAIL and TRAIL-R2 during human megakaryocytic development|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2005|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||03.1 Articolo su rivista|