Callus cultures of Zanthoxylum stenophyllum were initiated in vitro and the effect of growth regulators and elicitors was tested both upon callus growth and secondary metabolite production. On a medium containing naphthaleneacetic acid, kinetin, and 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, a yellowish and friable callus was obtained from 90% of cotyledon explants. Callus growth and secondary metabolite accumulation was followed after sub-culturing the established callus culture on different media containing various hormonal combinations. Results indicate that medium containing naphthaleneacetic acid and a higher concentration of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid gave the highest stimulation of growth. Addition of an organic nitrogen source also had a positive effect on growth. Rapid HPLC screening of methanol extractable secondary metabolites from calluses showed that phytohormones and nutrients were able to modify the chromatographic pattern of compounds. Calluses grown on the medium giving the highest stimulation of growth show a reduced accumulation of some secondary products, but not all. In response to elicitation by methyl jasmonate, metabolite production was different for the different classes of compounds, and hormonal composition of the culture medium influenced the response. Thus, results confirm the importance of the reciprocal interactions between hormones, nutrients, and elicitors when attempts are made to enhance secondary metabolite accumulation in in vitro cultures.

Medium composition and methyl jasmonate influence the amount and spectrum of secondary metabolites in callus cultures of Zanthoxylum stenophyllum Hemsl

SACCHETTI, Gianni;
2004

Abstract

Callus cultures of Zanthoxylum stenophyllum were initiated in vitro and the effect of growth regulators and elicitors was tested both upon callus growth and secondary metabolite production. On a medium containing naphthaleneacetic acid, kinetin, and 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, a yellowish and friable callus was obtained from 90% of cotyledon explants. Callus growth and secondary metabolite accumulation was followed after sub-culturing the established callus culture on different media containing various hormonal combinations. Results indicate that medium containing naphthaleneacetic acid and a higher concentration of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid gave the highest stimulation of growth. Addition of an organic nitrogen source also had a positive effect on growth. Rapid HPLC screening of methanol extractable secondary metabolites from calluses showed that phytohormones and nutrients were able to modify the chromatographic pattern of compounds. Calluses grown on the medium giving the highest stimulation of growth show a reduced accumulation of some secondary products, but not all. In response to elicitation by methyl jasmonate, metabolite production was different for the different classes of compounds, and hormonal composition of the culture medium influenced the response. Thus, results confirm the importance of the reciprocal interactions between hormones, nutrients, and elicitors when attempts are made to enhance secondary metabolite accumulation in in vitro cultures.
2004
Biondi, S.; Antognoni, F.; CRESPI PERELLINO, N.; Sacchetti, Gianni; Minghetti, A.; Poli, F.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/1208650
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