The purpose is to design and manufacture a composite mandible replicate suitable for testing the influence of prosthetic materials on the stress distribution of bone. Composite mandibles made of a poly(methylmethacrylate) core and a glass reinforced outer shell are manufactured and characterised through mechanical tests assisted by the finite element analysis. The mandible replicate has been conveniently equipped with strain gauges, moreover a video extensometer has also been used in order to measure the arch width change during loading. A close agreement is found between the experimental data and the theoretical predictions. By laterally loading the mandibles the maximum values of stress and strain take place in the premolar-incisal region. By varying technological parameters such as the fiber volume fraction and orientation, it is easy to replicate the behaviour of mandibles having different stiffnesses. The results obtained by laterally loading the composite mandibles through the condyles or through the gonion regions are consistent with literature data relative to the arch width decrease of natural jaws during opening and closing. This novel synthetic system coupled with the Finite Element model constitutes an experimental-theoretical model suitable to investigate the biomechanical effects of oral rehabilitations on mandibular bone.

An experimental and theoretical composite model of the human mandible

MOLLICA, Francesco;
2005

Abstract

The purpose is to design and manufacture a composite mandible replicate suitable for testing the influence of prosthetic materials on the stress distribution of bone. Composite mandibles made of a poly(methylmethacrylate) core and a glass reinforced outer shell are manufactured and characterised through mechanical tests assisted by the finite element analysis. The mandible replicate has been conveniently equipped with strain gauges, moreover a video extensometer has also been used in order to measure the arch width change during loading. A close agreement is found between the experimental data and the theoretical predictions. By laterally loading the mandibles the maximum values of stress and strain take place in the premolar-incisal region. By varying technological parameters such as the fiber volume fraction and orientation, it is easy to replicate the behaviour of mandibles having different stiffnesses. The results obtained by laterally loading the composite mandibles through the condyles or through the gonion regions are consistent with literature data relative to the arch width decrease of natural jaws during opening and closing. This novel synthetic system coupled with the Finite Element model constitutes an experimental-theoretical model suitable to investigate the biomechanical effects of oral rehabilitations on mandibular bone.
DE SANTIS, R.; Mollica, Francesco; Esposito, R.; Ambrosio, L.; Nicolais, L.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/1204982
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