Concentrations of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and trace metals, as well as stable nitrogen (N) isotope composition, were determined in moss tissues from an urban area and from rural sites in northern Italy. The total PAH contents were higher in the urban area. The percentage fraction of low molecular weight volatile PAHs on total PAHs was greater in rural sites. The mean concentration ratio (urban:rural) was, overall, much lower for trace metals than for PAHs. Among metals, only Pb levels were highest in the city center, and were, in turn, associated with a more positive δ15N signature in moss tissue. This indicates that exposure to slow-moving traffic in the city center resulted both in higher Pb deposition and a greater contribution of NOx, compared with NHx, in atmospheric N pollution. Most metals (namely Cd, Cr, Fe, Ni, V and Zn) were moderately enriched in moss tissues from the urban area, especially in the sectors downwind from the main emission sources. In contrast, Co and Cu contents in the urban area did not differ from those in rural sites. We concluded that organic (PAH) and inorganic (metal) pollution showed varying patterns which reflected differences as regards both emission sources and atmospheric transport pathways. Atmospheric deposition of PAHs peaked in close vicinity to urban emission sources. Conversely, the atmospheric deposition of metals, except Pb, was more diffuse over the territory. Copyright © 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd.

Use of moss (Tortula muralis hedw.) for monitoring organic and inorganic air pollution in urban and rural sites in Northern Italy

GERDOL, Renato;BRAGAZZA, Luca;MARCHESINI, Roberta;MEDICI, Alessandro;PEDRINI, Paola;
2002

Abstract

Concentrations of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and trace metals, as well as stable nitrogen (N) isotope composition, were determined in moss tissues from an urban area and from rural sites in northern Italy. The total PAH contents were higher in the urban area. The percentage fraction of low molecular weight volatile PAHs on total PAHs was greater in rural sites. The mean concentration ratio (urban:rural) was, overall, much lower for trace metals than for PAHs. Among metals, only Pb levels were highest in the city center, and were, in turn, associated with a more positive δ15N signature in moss tissue. This indicates that exposure to slow-moving traffic in the city center resulted both in higher Pb deposition and a greater contribution of NOx, compared with NHx, in atmospheric N pollution. Most metals (namely Cd, Cr, Fe, Ni, V and Zn) were moderately enriched in moss tissues from the urban area, especially in the sectors downwind from the main emission sources. In contrast, Co and Cu contents in the urban area did not differ from those in rural sites. We concluded that organic (PAH) and inorganic (metal) pollution showed varying patterns which reflected differences as regards both emission sources and atmospheric transport pathways. Atmospheric deposition of PAHs peaked in close vicinity to urban emission sources. Conversely, the atmospheric deposition of metals, except Pb, was more diffuse over the territory. Copyright © 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd.
2002
Gerdol, Renato; Bragazza, Luca; Marchesini, Roberta; Medici, Alessandro; Pedrini, Paola; S., Benedetti; A., Bovolenta; S., Coppi
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/1204857
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