The structure of the gonad of the European eel (Anguilla anguilla [L.]), an "undifferentiated" gonochoristic teleost, was investigated by transmission electron microscopy from 6-8 cm elvers to 22 cm yellow eels with juvenile hermaphroditic gonads. The pear-shaped gonads of 6-8 cm elvers assume, in 12-15 cm eels, a lamellar shape and enlarge by migration of germ cells, which we refer to as primary primordial germ cells. In the gonads of -16 cm eels, the primary primordial germ cells multiply, giving rise to clusters of germ cells that have ultrastructural characteristics of the primary primordial germ cells but show giant mitochondria, enlarged Golgi complexes, and round bodies not limited by membranes We refer to these as secondary primordial germ cells. In 16-18 cm eels, syncytial clones of oogonia interconnected by cytoplasmic bridges are also observed. In 18-22-cm-Iong eels, the gonads contain primordial germ cells, oogonial clones, early oocyte cysts, single oocytes in early growth stages, and primary spermatogonia. Such germ cells are present in the same cross section where they are either intermingled or are in areas of predominantly female germ cells close to areas with predominantly male germ cells. These gonads are juvenile hermaphroditic and should be considered ambisexual because in larger eels they differentiate either into an ovary or into a testis. Somatic cells always envelop the germ cells following their migration into the gonad. These somatic cells first show similar ultra- structural features and then differentiate either into early Sertoli cells investing spermatogonia, or into early follicular (granulosa) cells investing the early previtellogenic oocytes. In eels -14 cm long, primitive steroid-producing cells also migrate into the gonad. In the ambisexual gonad they differentiate either into immature Leydig cells in the male areas, or into early special cells of the theca in the female areas. Nerve fibers are joined to the steroid-producing cells. Gonad development and differentiation are also associated with structuraI changes of the connective tissue characterized by the progressive appearance and deposition of collagen fibrils first in the mesogonadium, then in the gonad vascular region, and then in the germinal region. The collagen-rich areas are massive in the male areas and reduced in the female ones.

Development and early differentiation of gonad in the European eel (Anguilla anguilla L., Anguilliformes, Teleostei): a cytological and ultrastructural study

GRANDI, Gilberto;COLOMBO, Giuseppe
1997

Abstract

The structure of the gonad of the European eel (Anguilla anguilla [L.]), an "undifferentiated" gonochoristic teleost, was investigated by transmission electron microscopy from 6-8 cm elvers to 22 cm yellow eels with juvenile hermaphroditic gonads. The pear-shaped gonads of 6-8 cm elvers assume, in 12-15 cm eels, a lamellar shape and enlarge by migration of germ cells, which we refer to as primary primordial germ cells. In the gonads of -16 cm eels, the primary primordial germ cells multiply, giving rise to clusters of germ cells that have ultrastructural characteristics of the primary primordial germ cells but show giant mitochondria, enlarged Golgi complexes, and round bodies not limited by membranes We refer to these as secondary primordial germ cells. In 16-18 cm eels, syncytial clones of oogonia interconnected by cytoplasmic bridges are also observed. In 18-22-cm-Iong eels, the gonads contain primordial germ cells, oogonial clones, early oocyte cysts, single oocytes in early growth stages, and primary spermatogonia. Such germ cells are present in the same cross section where they are either intermingled or are in areas of predominantly female germ cells close to areas with predominantly male germ cells. These gonads are juvenile hermaphroditic and should be considered ambisexual because in larger eels they differentiate either into an ovary or into a testis. Somatic cells always envelop the germ cells following their migration into the gonad. These somatic cells first show similar ultra- structural features and then differentiate either into early Sertoli cells investing spermatogonia, or into early follicular (granulosa) cells investing the early previtellogenic oocytes. In eels -14 cm long, primitive steroid-producing cells also migrate into the gonad. In the ambisexual gonad they differentiate either into immature Leydig cells in the male areas, or into early special cells of the theca in the female areas. Nerve fibers are joined to the steroid-producing cells. Gonad development and differentiation are also associated with structuraI changes of the connective tissue characterized by the progressive appearance and deposition of collagen fibrils first in the mesogonadium, then in the gonad vascular region, and then in the germinal region. The collagen-rich areas are massive in the male areas and reduced in the female ones.
Grandi, Gilberto; Colombo, Giuseppe
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/1203684
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