Background HLA-G, a human nonclassic MHC class I molecule, is responsible for complex immunoinhibitory functions. HLA-G is expressed as membrane-bound and is secreted as soluble molecules by the peripheral blood CD14+ monocytes activated by IL-10. Objective It has been reported that LPS stimulation induces IL-10 production by PBMCs and that IL-10 levels are reduced in patients with severe asthma compared with patients with mild asthma and healthy subjects. The study was designed to investigate whether this impaired IL-10 production can affect the expression and the secretion of soluble HLA-G (sHLA-G)-1/HLA-G5 molecules. Methods We investigated the production of sHLA-G1/HLA-G5 and IL-10 by specific ELISAs in the culture supernatants of LPS-activated PBMCs from 24 healthy subjects and 20 patients with moderate to severe persistent asthma. Results LPS stimulation induced the secretion of IL-10 and sHLA-G1/HLA-G5 molecules in all healthy subjects. whereas in patients with asthma, the levels of IL-10 were significantly lower (P < .001) and the number of cultures exhibiting detectable sHLA-G1/HLA-G5 was reduced (7/20; P < .001). The addition of exogenous IL-10 to LPS-stimulated PBMCs from patients with asthma restored normal sHLA-G1/HLA-G5 production. Conclusion Our data suggest that a specific deficit of IL-10 secretion in patients with asthma could prevent the normal production of sHLA-G1/HLA-G5 molecules. The reduction of immunosuppressive activity mediated by HLA-G could in turn contribute to the persistence of chronic airway inflammation in asthma.

Defective production of soluble HLA-G molecules by peripheral blood monocytes in patients with asthma

RIZZO, Roberta;MAPP, Cristina;FERRETTI, Stefano;BONONI, Ilaria;MIOTTO, Deborah;BARICORDI, Olavio
2005

Abstract

Background HLA-G, a human nonclassic MHC class I molecule, is responsible for complex immunoinhibitory functions. HLA-G is expressed as membrane-bound and is secreted as soluble molecules by the peripheral blood CD14+ monocytes activated by IL-10. Objective It has been reported that LPS stimulation induces IL-10 production by PBMCs and that IL-10 levels are reduced in patients with severe asthma compared with patients with mild asthma and healthy subjects. The study was designed to investigate whether this impaired IL-10 production can affect the expression and the secretion of soluble HLA-G (sHLA-G)-1/HLA-G5 molecules. Methods We investigated the production of sHLA-G1/HLA-G5 and IL-10 by specific ELISAs in the culture supernatants of LPS-activated PBMCs from 24 healthy subjects and 20 patients with moderate to severe persistent asthma. Results LPS stimulation induced the secretion of IL-10 and sHLA-G1/HLA-G5 molecules in all healthy subjects. whereas in patients with asthma, the levels of IL-10 were significantly lower (P < .001) and the number of cultures exhibiting detectable sHLA-G1/HLA-G5 was reduced (7/20; P < .001). The addition of exogenous IL-10 to LPS-stimulated PBMCs from patients with asthma restored normal sHLA-G1/HLA-G5 production. Conclusion Our data suggest that a specific deficit of IL-10 secretion in patients with asthma could prevent the normal production of sHLA-G1/HLA-G5 molecules. The reduction of immunosuppressive activity mediated by HLA-G could in turn contribute to the persistence of chronic airway inflammation in asthma.
2005
Rizzo, Roberta; Mapp, Cristina; Melchiorri, L.; Maestrelli, P.; Visentin, A.; Ferretti, Stefano; Bononi, Ilaria; Miotto, Deborah; Baricordi, Olavio
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/1202756
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