Background: Quantitative three-dimensional echocardiography (3DEcho) of left ventricle (LV) is still limited because of the need for manually tracing endocardial borders: this can increase observer variability depending on the quality of fundamental (FUND) 2D images. We tested the combination of a simplified 3DEcho technique for LV reconstruction with automated endocardial border detection (Digital Echo Quantification, DEQ) and tissue harmonic imaging (THI) for enhancement of endocardium-cavity interface. Methods: Twenty-five consecutive patients with ischaemic heart disease and dilated or distorted LV underwent 3DEcho and gated-SPECT nuclear examinations evaluating: (a) end-diastolic and end-systolic volumes (EDV, ESV); (b) ejection fraction (EF); (c) volume/time curve (VTC). Thereafter, 3DEcho was applied to 47 patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) at pre-discharge and 6 months to evaluate remodelling. Results: Integrated 3DEcho values in THI modality were obtained in 84% of patients and correlated well with nuclear data for EDV (r = 0.95, mean difference = -2.2 ± 15.8 ml), ESV (r = 0.98, mean difference = -3.5 ± 10.2 ml), and EF (r = 0.82, mean difference = 0.6 ± 6.4%; all mean differences NS vs. 0), with an interobserver variability of 4.9, 5.7 and 8.2% for EDV, ESV and EF respectively. Automated VTC by 3DEcho in THI modality reproduced well that obtained by nuclear technique (r = 0.96) and allowed recognition of LV remodelling in 36% of patients at 6 months. Integrated 3DEcho values in FUND modality were obtained only in 52% of patients and showed much higher errors and interobserver variability. Conclusions: THI permits accurate 3D reconstruction of LV borders detected by DEQ, allowing automated VTC throughout the cardiac cycle as well as study of LV remodelling. © 2004 Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Assessment of left ventricular volume and function by integration of simplified 3D echocardiography, tissue harmonic imaging and automated extraction of endocardial borders

CITTANTI, Corrado;FERRARI, Roberto
2004

Abstract

Background: Quantitative three-dimensional echocardiography (3DEcho) of left ventricle (LV) is still limited because of the need for manually tracing endocardial borders: this can increase observer variability depending on the quality of fundamental (FUND) 2D images. We tested the combination of a simplified 3DEcho technique for LV reconstruction with automated endocardial border detection (Digital Echo Quantification, DEQ) and tissue harmonic imaging (THI) for enhancement of endocardium-cavity interface. Methods: Twenty-five consecutive patients with ischaemic heart disease and dilated or distorted LV underwent 3DEcho and gated-SPECT nuclear examinations evaluating: (a) end-diastolic and end-systolic volumes (EDV, ESV); (b) ejection fraction (EF); (c) volume/time curve (VTC). Thereafter, 3DEcho was applied to 47 patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) at pre-discharge and 6 months to evaluate remodelling. Results: Integrated 3DEcho values in THI modality were obtained in 84% of patients and correlated well with nuclear data for EDV (r = 0.95, mean difference = -2.2 ± 15.8 ml), ESV (r = 0.98, mean difference = -3.5 ± 10.2 ml), and EF (r = 0.82, mean difference = 0.6 ± 6.4%; all mean differences NS vs. 0), with an interobserver variability of 4.9, 5.7 and 8.2% for EDV, ESV and EF respectively. Automated VTC by 3DEcho in THI modality reproduced well that obtained by nuclear technique (r = 0.96) and allowed recognition of LV remodelling in 36% of patients at 6 months. Integrated 3DEcho values in FUND modality were obtained only in 52% of patients and showed much higher errors and interobserver variability. Conclusions: THI permits accurate 3D reconstruction of LV borders detected by DEQ, allowing automated VTC throughout the cardiac cycle as well as study of LV remodelling. © 2004 Kluwer Academic Publishers.
Mele, D; Teoli, R; Cittanti, Corrado; Pasanisi, G; Guardigli, G; Levine, Ra; Ferrari, Roberto
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/1202728
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