Isolation and biochemical characterization is reported here of 5-enol-pyruvyl-shikimate-3-phosphate (EPSP) synthase, the enzyme that catalyses the sixth step in the common prechorismate pathway of aromatic amino acid biosynthesis and the target of the widely used herbicide glyphosate, from the cyanobacterium Spirulina platensis. Homogeneous enzyme preparations were obtained by ammonium sulphate fractionation, anion-exchange and substrate-elution chromatography, and chromatofocusing. Protein characterization was carried out by conventional kinetic analysis, PAGE and gel permeation. A 2800-fold purification was achieved, with a recovery of 20% of initial activity. Unusually low apparent affinities for both substrates, phosphoenolpyruvate and shikimate-3-phosphate, did not correspond to decreased glyphosate sensitivity. During SDS-PAGE, the protein migrated as a single band corresponding to a molecular mass of c. 49 kDa. The behaviour of the protein upon gel permeation chromatography under nondenaturing conditions was, however, consistent with a mass of c. 91 kDa. The native enzyme appears to be homodimeric, a remarkable feature that has not been previously reported for EPSP synthases from either cyanobacteria or higher plants. The presence of mono- and dimeric EPSP synthases could represent an important tool for cyanobacterial classification.

A dimeric 5-enol-pyruvyl-shikimate-3-phosphate synthase from the cyanobacterium Spirulina platensis

FORLANI, Giuseppe;CAMPANI, Alberto
2001

Abstract

Isolation and biochemical characterization is reported here of 5-enol-pyruvyl-shikimate-3-phosphate (EPSP) synthase, the enzyme that catalyses the sixth step in the common prechorismate pathway of aromatic amino acid biosynthesis and the target of the widely used herbicide glyphosate, from the cyanobacterium Spirulina platensis. Homogeneous enzyme preparations were obtained by ammonium sulphate fractionation, anion-exchange and substrate-elution chromatography, and chromatofocusing. Protein characterization was carried out by conventional kinetic analysis, PAGE and gel permeation. A 2800-fold purification was achieved, with a recovery of 20% of initial activity. Unusually low apparent affinities for both substrates, phosphoenolpyruvate and shikimate-3-phosphate, did not correspond to decreased glyphosate sensitivity. During SDS-PAGE, the protein migrated as a single band corresponding to a molecular mass of c. 49 kDa. The behaviour of the protein upon gel permeation chromatography under nondenaturing conditions was, however, consistent with a mass of c. 91 kDa. The native enzyme appears to be homodimeric, a remarkable feature that has not been previously reported for EPSP synthases from either cyanobacteria or higher plants. The presence of mono- and dimeric EPSP synthases could represent an important tool for cyanobacterial classification.
Forlani, Giuseppe; Campani, Alberto
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11392/1202204
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