We investigated the presence of P2 receptors (P2Rs) in human thyrocytes and their possible involvement in the modulation of cytokine release. P2Rs expression was assessed by RT-PCR and, when possible, by immunoblotting. Human primary thyrocytes express the mRNA for the following P2X and P2Y subtypes: P2X(3), P2X(5), P2X(6), P2X(7), and P2Y(1), P2Y(2), P2Y(4), and P2Y(11). Stimulation with extracellular nucleotides of fura-2-loaded thyrocytes triggered an intracellular Ca(2+) signal, suggesting expression of functional receptors. Thyrocytes spontaneously released the proinflammatory cytokine IL-6. The ATP-hydrolyzing enzyme apyrase reduced basal IL-6 release, whereas extracellular ATP dose-dependently increased IL-6 secretion. Uridine 5'-triphosphate was also an effective stimulus, whereas benzoyl-ATP was ineffective, suggesting a P2Y- rather than P2X-modulated response. Finally, TSH reduced both the intracellular Ca(2+) ([Ca(2+)](i)) rise and IL-6 release triggered by P2Rs stimulation. In conclusion, we provide functional, pharmacological, and biochemical evidence that human primary thyrocytes express P2YR and P2XR subtypes, coupled to increases in ([Ca(2+)](i)) and secretion of IL-6. P2R-dependent modulation of IL-6 release from human thyrocytes suggests a novel mechanism whereby an inflammatory and/or immune-mediated damage can be initiated and amplified in the thyroid.

Extracellular ATP modulates interleukin-6 production by human thyrocytes through functional purinergic P2 receptors.

FERRARI, Davide;CALLEGARI, Maria Giulia;GULINELLI, Sara;PIZZIRANI, Cinzia;DI VIRGILIO, Francesco;
2005

Abstract

We investigated the presence of P2 receptors (P2Rs) in human thyrocytes and their possible involvement in the modulation of cytokine release. P2Rs expression was assessed by RT-PCR and, when possible, by immunoblotting. Human primary thyrocytes express the mRNA for the following P2X and P2Y subtypes: P2X(3), P2X(5), P2X(6), P2X(7), and P2Y(1), P2Y(2), P2Y(4), and P2Y(11). Stimulation with extracellular nucleotides of fura-2-loaded thyrocytes triggered an intracellular Ca(2+) signal, suggesting expression of functional receptors. Thyrocytes spontaneously released the proinflammatory cytokine IL-6. The ATP-hydrolyzing enzyme apyrase reduced basal IL-6 release, whereas extracellular ATP dose-dependently increased IL-6 secretion. Uridine 5'-triphosphate was also an effective stimulus, whereas benzoyl-ATP was ineffective, suggesting a P2Y- rather than P2X-modulated response. Finally, TSH reduced both the intracellular Ca(2+) ([Ca(2+)](i)) rise and IL-6 release triggered by P2Rs stimulation. In conclusion, we provide functional, pharmacological, and biochemical evidence that human primary thyrocytes express P2YR and P2XR subtypes, coupled to increases in ([Ca(2+)](i)) and secretion of IL-6. P2R-dependent modulation of IL-6 release from human thyrocytes suggests a novel mechanism whereby an inflammatory and/or immune-mediated damage can be initiated and amplified in the thyroid.
Caraccio, N.; Monzani, F.; Santini, E.; Cuccato, S.; Ferrari, Davide; Callegari, Maria Giulia; Gulinelli, Sara; Pizzirani, Cinzia; DI VIRGILIO, Francesco; Ferrannini, E.; Solini, A.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/1201749
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