Anecdoctal evidence accumulated over almost 20 years has shown that many different cell types are killed by sustained exposure to high concentrations of extracellular ATP. The plasma membrane receptors involved have been pharmacologically characterized and cloned during the last 3 years, and named purinergic P2X. P2X receptors share an intriguing structural relatedness with Caenorhabditis elegans degenerins and mammalian amiloride-sensitive Na channels (ENaCs). Depending on the ATP dose, length of stimulation and receptor subtype, P2X receptor stimulation may cause necrosis or apoptosis. The intracellular pathways activated are poorly known, but the perturbation in intracellular ion homeostasis clearly plays a major role. ICE proteases (caspases) are also triggered, nonetheless their activation is not requested for ATP-dependent cell death. The physiological meaning of P2X receptor-dependent cytotoxicity is not understood, but an involvement in immune-mediated reactions is postulated.

CYTOLYTIC P2X PURINOCEPTORS

DI VIRGILIO, Francesco;CHIOZZI, Paola;FALZONI, Simonetta;FERRARI, Davide;SANZ MOLINA, Juana Maria;BARICORDI, Olavio
1998

Abstract

Anecdoctal evidence accumulated over almost 20 years has shown that many different cell types are killed by sustained exposure to high concentrations of extracellular ATP. The plasma membrane receptors involved have been pharmacologically characterized and cloned during the last 3 years, and named purinergic P2X. P2X receptors share an intriguing structural relatedness with Caenorhabditis elegans degenerins and mammalian amiloride-sensitive Na channels (ENaCs). Depending on the ATP dose, length of stimulation and receptor subtype, P2X receptor stimulation may cause necrosis or apoptosis. The intracellular pathways activated are poorly known, but the perturbation in intracellular ion homeostasis clearly plays a major role. ICE proteases (caspases) are also triggered, nonetheless their activation is not requested for ATP-dependent cell death. The physiological meaning of P2X receptor-dependent cytotoxicity is not understood, but an involvement in immune-mediated reactions is postulated.
DI VIRGILIO, Francesco; Chiozzi, Paola; Falzoni, Simonetta; Ferrari, Davide; SANZ MOLINA, Juana Maria; Venketaraman, V; Baricordi, Olavio
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11392/1201746
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