We have investigated the role of the purinergic P2X7 receptor in the formation of multinucleated giant cells in human monocyte/macrophage cultures stimulated with either concanavalin A or phytohemagglutinin. Macrophage fusion can be blocked by a P2X7-selective pharmacological antagonist or by a mAb directed against the extracellular P2X7 domain. Furthermore, macrophage cell clones expressing high P2X7 levels spontaneously fuse in culture, whereas macrophage clones lacking P2X7 are unable to fuse. Our findings suggest that the newly identified purinergic P2X7 receptor plays a central role in the complex chain of events leading to generation of macrophage-derived giant cells.

ATP receptors and giant cell formation

DI VIRGILIO, Francesco;FALZONI, Simonetta;CHIOZZI, Paola;SANZ MOLINA, Juana Maria;FERRARI, Davide;
1999

Abstract

We have investigated the role of the purinergic P2X7 receptor in the formation of multinucleated giant cells in human monocyte/macrophage cultures stimulated with either concanavalin A or phytohemagglutinin. Macrophage fusion can be blocked by a P2X7-selective pharmacological antagonist or by a mAb directed against the extracellular P2X7 domain. Furthermore, macrophage cell clones expressing high P2X7 levels spontaneously fuse in culture, whereas macrophage clones lacking P2X7 are unable to fuse. Our findings suggest that the newly identified purinergic P2X7 receptor plays a central role in the complex chain of events leading to generation of macrophage-derived giant cells.
DI VIRGILIO, Francesco; Falzoni, Simonetta; Chiozzi, Paola; SANZ MOLINA, Juana Maria; Ferrari, Davide; Buell, Gn
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/1201687
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