Asymmetrical heterocomplexes containing a terminal technetium-nitrogen multiple bond coordinated to one diphosphine ligand (PNP) and one dithiocarbamate ligand (DBODC), were obtained through a simple two-step procedure under controlled conditions. The resulting complexes [99mTc(N)(PNP)(DBODC)]+ are monocationic, and possess a distorted square-pyramidal geometry where the Tc≡N multiple bond occupies an apical position and the diphosphine and dithiocarbamate ligands span the residual four coordination positions on the basal plane through the two phosphorus atoms and the two sulfur atoms, respectively. Biodistribution data in rats demonstrated that these complexes were rapidly extracted by the myocardium, and retained in this region for a prolonged time. After a few minutes post-injection, lung uptake became negligible, and liver washout was extremely rapid and quantitative. Analysis of heart/liver uptake ratios for these complexes revealed that their values increased exponentially in time, and after 60 min post-injection liver activity was almost completely eliminated into the intestine. Comparison with heart/liver ratios determined for 99mTc sestamibi and 99mTc tetrfosmin showed that values for these latter compounds were approximately 10 times lower than those measured for [99mTc(N)(PNP)(DBODC)]+ complexes at 60 min post-injection. In conclusion, the monocationic tracers [99mTc(N)(PNP)(DBODC)]+ exhibit high myocardial uptake in rats and dramatically high heart/lung and heart/liver ratios, suggesting that this novel class of perfusion agents could be conveniently employed to obtain heart images with superior imaging quality. © 2002 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.
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