Objective—We have investigated expression and function of the P2X7 receptor in fibroblasts from healthy subjects and patients with type 2 diabetes. Methods and Results—Fibroblasts were isolated from skin biopsies. P2X7 receptor expression in both cell populations was measured by functional assays, RT-PCR, fluorescence-activated cell sorter, and immunoblotting. We found that fibroblasts from diabetic subjects are characterized by enhanced P2X7-mediated responses as indicated by increased shape changes, microvesiculation, enhanced fibronectin and interleukin 6 secretion, and accelerated apoptosis. These responses were blocked by preincubation with the P2X blockers KN-62, oxidized ATP, or pyridoxal phosphate-6-azo(benzene-2,4-disulfonic acid). Furthermore, we also found a higher level of spontaneous fibronectin secretion and of apoptosis in fibroblasts from diabetic compared with healthy subjects. Both higher basal level of fibronectin secretion and spontaneous rate of apoptosis were likely attributable to the increased pericellular concentration of ATP because fibroblasts from diabetic subjects released 3 as much ATP into the supernatants compared with fibroblasts from healthy subjects. Conclusions—We conclude that fibroblasts from type 2 diabetes patients are characterized by a hyperactive purinergic loop based either on a higher level of ATP release or on increased P2X7 reactivity.

Enhanced P2X7 activity in human fibroblasts from diabetic patients: a possible pathogenetic mechanism for vascular damage in diabetes

SOLINI, Anna
Primo
;
CHIOZZI, Paola
Secondo
;
MORELLI, ANNA;ADINOLFI, Elena;RIZZO, Roberta;BARICORDI, Olavio
Penultimo
;
DI VIRGILIO, Francesco
Ultimo
2004

Abstract

Objective—We have investigated expression and function of the P2X7 receptor in fibroblasts from healthy subjects and patients with type 2 diabetes. Methods and Results—Fibroblasts were isolated from skin biopsies. P2X7 receptor expression in both cell populations was measured by functional assays, RT-PCR, fluorescence-activated cell sorter, and immunoblotting. We found that fibroblasts from diabetic subjects are characterized by enhanced P2X7-mediated responses as indicated by increased shape changes, microvesiculation, enhanced fibronectin and interleukin 6 secretion, and accelerated apoptosis. These responses were blocked by preincubation with the P2X blockers KN-62, oxidized ATP, or pyridoxal phosphate-6-azo(benzene-2,4-disulfonic acid). Furthermore, we also found a higher level of spontaneous fibronectin secretion and of apoptosis in fibroblasts from diabetic compared with healthy subjects. Both higher basal level of fibronectin secretion and spontaneous rate of apoptosis were likely attributable to the increased pericellular concentration of ATP because fibroblasts from diabetic subjects released 3 as much ATP into the supernatants compared with fibroblasts from healthy subjects. Conclusions—We conclude that fibroblasts from type 2 diabetes patients are characterized by a hyperactive purinergic loop based either on a higher level of ATP release or on increased P2X7 reactivity.
Solini, Anna; Chiozzi, Paola; Morelli, Anna; Adinolfi, Elena; Rizzo, Roberta; Baricordi, Olavio; DI VIRGILIO, Francesco
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11392/1201503
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