Polycystin, the PKD1 gene product mutated in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease, is a large membrane protein which is important in the differentiation of epithelial tubular structure. Furthermore, PKD1 mRNA is expressed in various tissues and in neoplastic cell lines particularly, suggesting that polycystin might be involved in differentiation and/or proliferation of other cell types. Therefore, in order to investigate such a possible role, polyclonal antibodies against a recombinant polycystin peptide were raised and used to study polycystin expression in human leukemia cell lines committed to differentiation. Using Western blot and laser scanning confocal microscopy analyses, we demonstrated expression of polycystin in erythroleukemia K562 cells as a membrane-associated polypeptide of approximately 450 kDa, mainly localized in cell-cell contacts. Protein size and subcellular distribution were similar to those found in the kidney epithelial KJ29 cell line. In addition, K562 cell erythroid differentiation induced by hemin was characterized by a reduction in polycystin expression, as measured by Western blot and Northern blot analyses. Cytofluorimetric analysis indicated that upon hemin treatment there was a progressive reduction in the number of polycystin-expressing cells as well as in proliferation rate. Furthermore, reduction in proliferating and polycystin-expressing cells was also observed in K562 cells after serum starvation. When serum was added to the serum-deprived cells an increase in cell number as well as in number of polycystin-positive cells was observed. In addition, polycystin, also expressed in promyelocytic leukemia HL60 cells, was downregulated when macrophage differentiation in HL60 was induced by TPA. Therefore, in these leukemic cells downregulation of polycystin appeared to be closely related to reduction in cell proliferation and to induction of differentiation. This suggests that polycystin may play a relevant role in these cell processes.

K562 erytrhoid and HL60 macrophage differentiation down regulates polycystin, a large membrane associated protein

AGUIARI, Gianluca
Primo
;
PIVA, Maria Roberta
Secondo
;
MANZATI, ELISA;MAZZONI, Elisa;NERI, Luca Maria
Penultimo
;
DEL SENNO, Laura
Ultimo
1998

Abstract

Polycystin, the PKD1 gene product mutated in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease, is a large membrane protein which is important in the differentiation of epithelial tubular structure. Furthermore, PKD1 mRNA is expressed in various tissues and in neoplastic cell lines particularly, suggesting that polycystin might be involved in differentiation and/or proliferation of other cell types. Therefore, in order to investigate such a possible role, polyclonal antibodies against a recombinant polycystin peptide were raised and used to study polycystin expression in human leukemia cell lines committed to differentiation. Using Western blot and laser scanning confocal microscopy analyses, we demonstrated expression of polycystin in erythroleukemia K562 cells as a membrane-associated polypeptide of approximately 450 kDa, mainly localized in cell-cell contacts. Protein size and subcellular distribution were similar to those found in the kidney epithelial KJ29 cell line. In addition, K562 cell erythroid differentiation induced by hemin was characterized by a reduction in polycystin expression, as measured by Western blot and Northern blot analyses. Cytofluorimetric analysis indicated that upon hemin treatment there was a progressive reduction in the number of polycystin-expressing cells as well as in proliferation rate. Furthermore, reduction in proliferating and polycystin-expressing cells was also observed in K562 cells after serum starvation. When serum was added to the serum-deprived cells an increase in cell number as well as in number of polycystin-positive cells was observed. In addition, polycystin, also expressed in promyelocytic leukemia HL60 cells, was downregulated when macrophage differentiation in HL60 was induced by TPA. Therefore, in these leukemic cells downregulation of polycystin appeared to be closely related to reduction in cell proliferation and to induction of differentiation. This suggests that polycystin may play a relevant role in these cell processes.
Aguiari, Gianluca; Piva, Maria Roberta; Manzati, Elisa; Mazzoni, Elisa; Augello, G; Chiari, E; Moretti, S; Neri, Luca Maria; DEL SENNO, Laura
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/1201271
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