Androgen-binding activity has been identified in normal and pathological thyroids, but evidence for the expression of the canonic androgen receptor (AR) in the thyroid has not been provided so far. In this study we have used reverse transcription (RT)-PCR to examine RNA expression of the canonic AR gene in human thyroid tissues, in primary cultures of human thyrocytes and in a variety of neoplastic thyroid cell lines (NPA, TPC and WRO). An AR cDNA fragment with the expected size of 262 bp was detected in normal tissues and cultured thyrocytes as well as in neoplastic cell lines, demonstrating that the gene for AR is indeed expressed in thyroid follicular cells. Immunocytochemical analysis revealed the presence of the AR protein in cancer cell lines and androgen treatment increased nuclear positivity to AR. In a survey of 35 thyroid tissues AR cDNA was detected in all the non-neoplastic samples (6 normal and 3 goitrous) and in 19 of 26 neoplastic samples. AR cDNA was not detected in 4 of the 9 follicular adenomas and in 3 of the 12 papillary carcinomas. AR was revealed by immunohistochemistry in 1 of 2 normal thyroids, in 1 goiter and in 1 of 2 neoplastic thyroids. These findings show the presence of the canonic AR in the human thyroid.

Evidence for androgen receptor gene expression in human thyroid cells and tumours

ROSSI, Roberta;FRANCESCHETTI, Paola;MAESTRI, Iva;MAGRI, Eros;CAVAZZINI, Luigi;DEGLI UBERTI, Ettore;DEL SENNO, Laura
1996

Abstract

Androgen-binding activity has been identified in normal and pathological thyroids, but evidence for the expression of the canonic androgen receptor (AR) in the thyroid has not been provided so far. In this study we have used reverse transcription (RT)-PCR to examine RNA expression of the canonic AR gene in human thyroid tissues, in primary cultures of human thyrocytes and in a variety of neoplastic thyroid cell lines (NPA, TPC and WRO). An AR cDNA fragment with the expected size of 262 bp was detected in normal tissues and cultured thyrocytes as well as in neoplastic cell lines, demonstrating that the gene for AR is indeed expressed in thyroid follicular cells. Immunocytochemical analysis revealed the presence of the AR protein in cancer cell lines and androgen treatment increased nuclear positivity to AR. In a survey of 35 thyroid tissues AR cDNA was detected in all the non-neoplastic samples (6 normal and 3 goitrous) and in 19 of 26 neoplastic samples. AR cDNA was not detected in 4 of the 9 follicular adenomas and in 3 of the 12 papillary carcinomas. AR was revealed by immunohistochemistry in 1 of 2 normal thyroids, in 1 goiter and in 1 of 2 neoplastic thyroids. These findings show the presence of the canonic AR in the human thyroid.
Rossi, Roberta; Franceschetti, Paola; Maestri, Iva; Magri, Eros; Cavazzini, Luigi; DEGLI UBERTI, Ettore; DEL SENNO, Laura
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11392/1200937
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