We investigated the 24-h profiles of the circulating levels of norepinephrine (NE) and epinephrine (E), blood pressure (BP), and heart rate in 14 acromegalic patients, before (A) and 3-6 months after transsphenoidal surgery (C-A, cured; A-A, active), and in 8 age-matched normal subjects (N). In addition, the responses of NE, E, PRA, and aldosterone to upright posture were investigated. No significant differences in the mean 24-h plasma NE and E levels were observed between either group of acromegalics and the N subjects. Analysis of the 24-h profiles indicated a statistically significant 24-h rhythm of both NE and E in N subjects. No evidence of a 24-h rhythm of plasma NE and E and BP was found in A patients. After surgery, a statistically significant 24-h rhythm of NE was detected in the patients with acrophase (13.54 and 13.45 h in C-A and A-A patients, respectively) and mesor (1019.8 ± 45.1 and 1017.8 ± 54.7 pmol/L in C-A and A-A patients, respectively) similar to those observed in N subjects (acrophase, 13.21 h; mesor, 942.3 ± 42.5 pmol/L). After surgery, the plasma concentration of E clearly fluctuated throughout the 24 h in both C-A and A-A patients, even if cosinor analysis failed to reveal a 24-h significant rhythm. A statistically significant 24-h rhythm of BP was restored only in C-A patients. The mean 24-h heart rate was slightly, but significantly (P < 0.05), higher in A than in N subjects and decreased after surgery. No significant differences in upright-stimulated NE, E, and plasma aldosterone levels were observed between each group of acromegalics and N subjects. However, basal and upright-stimulated PRA levels were significantly (P < 0.001) lower in A patients. In conclusion, our study demonstrates the lack of a clear circadian variation in catecholamine levels and BP in active acromegaly and the return of a significant 24-h rhythm of NE and BP after pituitary surgery, concomitant with the reduction in GH and insulin-like growth factor I serum levels.

Diurnal rhythm of plasma catecholamines in acromegaly

BONDANELLI, Marta;AMBROSIO, Maria Rosaria;FRANCESCHETTI, Paola;MARGUTTI, Angelo;DEGLI UBERTI, Ettore
1999

Abstract

We investigated the 24-h profiles of the circulating levels of norepinephrine (NE) and epinephrine (E), blood pressure (BP), and heart rate in 14 acromegalic patients, before (A) and 3-6 months after transsphenoidal surgery (C-A, cured; A-A, active), and in 8 age-matched normal subjects (N). In addition, the responses of NE, E, PRA, and aldosterone to upright posture were investigated. No significant differences in the mean 24-h plasma NE and E levels were observed between either group of acromegalics and the N subjects. Analysis of the 24-h profiles indicated a statistically significant 24-h rhythm of both NE and E in N subjects. No evidence of a 24-h rhythm of plasma NE and E and BP was found in A patients. After surgery, a statistically significant 24-h rhythm of NE was detected in the patients with acrophase (13.54 and 13.45 h in C-A and A-A patients, respectively) and mesor (1019.8 ± 45.1 and 1017.8 ± 54.7 pmol/L in C-A and A-A patients, respectively) similar to those observed in N subjects (acrophase, 13.21 h; mesor, 942.3 ± 42.5 pmol/L). After surgery, the plasma concentration of E clearly fluctuated throughout the 24 h in both C-A and A-A patients, even if cosinor analysis failed to reveal a 24-h significant rhythm. A statistically significant 24-h rhythm of BP was restored only in C-A patients. The mean 24-h heart rate was slightly, but significantly (P < 0.05), higher in A than in N subjects and decreased after surgery. No significant differences in upright-stimulated NE, E, and plasma aldosterone levels were observed between each group of acromegalics and N subjects. However, basal and upright-stimulated PRA levels were significantly (P < 0.001) lower in A patients. In conclusion, our study demonstrates the lack of a clear circadian variation in catecholamine levels and BP in active acromegaly and the return of a significant 24-h rhythm of NE and BP after pituitary surgery, concomitant with the reduction in GH and insulin-like growth factor I serum levels.
1999
Bondanelli, Marta; Ambrosio, Maria Rosaria; Franceschetti, Paola; Margutti, Angelo; Trasforini, G; DEGLI UBERTI, Ettore
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/1200906
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