Single-solute adsorption equilibrium isotherms of three basic drugs: buspirone, doxepin and diltiazem were determined by frontal analysis in a reversed-phase system composed of an octadecylsilica packing material and a buffered mobile phase containing acetonitrile. The adsorption data were fitted to the bi-Langmuir model. Within the framework of this model, the adsorption of the drugs is assumed to occur on two distinct kinds of sites with different average adsorption energies. The data are consistent with the assumption that the low energy sites account for the hydrophobic interactions between the solutes and the chemically bonded alkyl chains and the high energy sites account for the ion-exchange interactions between the residual active silanols and the protonated bases. Multisolute, overloaded band profiles were also measured for the three binaries and for mixtures of the three drugs. Theoretical band profiles were calculated using the equilibrium dispersive model and the ideal adsorbed solution theory model which uses the parameters determined from the correlation of the single-solute adsorption data. Good agreement was found between the experimental and calculated overloaded band profiles.

Adsorption equilibria and overloaded band profiles of basic drugs in a reversed-phase system

CAVAZZINI, Alberto;
2000

Abstract

Single-solute adsorption equilibrium isotherms of three basic drugs: buspirone, doxepin and diltiazem were determined by frontal analysis in a reversed-phase system composed of an octadecylsilica packing material and a buffered mobile phase containing acetonitrile. The adsorption data were fitted to the bi-Langmuir model. Within the framework of this model, the adsorption of the drugs is assumed to occur on two distinct kinds of sites with different average adsorption energies. The data are consistent with the assumption that the low energy sites account for the hydrophobic interactions between the solutes and the chemically bonded alkyl chains and the high energy sites account for the ion-exchange interactions between the residual active silanols and the protonated bases. Multisolute, overloaded band profiles were also measured for the three binaries and for mixtures of the three drugs. Theoretical band profiles were calculated using the equilibrium dispersive model and the ideal adsorbed solution theory model which uses the parameters determined from the correlation of the single-solute adsorption data. Good agreement was found between the experimental and calculated overloaded band profiles.
I., Quinones; Cavazzini, Alberto; G., Guiochon
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/1200701
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