BACKGROUND: To detect epigenetic changes in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) and between metastatic and nonmetastatic tumors, we performed a systematic phosphorylation screening on different protein kinases. METHODS: The phosphorylation levels of the serine-threonine kinase Akt, of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK), and of protein kinase C (PKC) beta and epsilon were measured in a series of 94 biopsy specimens, corresponding to 47 HNSCCs and paired controls taken from clinically uninvolved tissue of the same patients. RESULTS: Akt and MAPK were significantly underphosphorylated (two-sided p < .004) in tumors, whereas PKCs showed no differences from control samples.Second, although in control tissue there was a significant correlation between phosphorylation levels of Akt, MAPK, and PKC (all two-sided p < .05), many correlated activations were lost in tumors and even more in lymph node-positive tumors. Finally, p44 MAPK and Akt pThr308 were phosphorylated in a coordinated fashion only in lymph node-positive tumors (two-sided p < .01). CONCLUSIONS: This novel evidence documents important changes in the phosphorylation program during cancer progression of HNSCC.

Akt, protein kinase C, and mitogen-activated protein kinase phosphorylation status in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma

CARINCI, Francesco;PASTORE, Antonio;PELUCCHI, Stefano;EVANGELISTI, Rita;VOLINIA, Stefano
2005

Abstract

BACKGROUND: To detect epigenetic changes in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) and between metastatic and nonmetastatic tumors, we performed a systematic phosphorylation screening on different protein kinases. METHODS: The phosphorylation levels of the serine-threonine kinase Akt, of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK), and of protein kinase C (PKC) beta and epsilon were measured in a series of 94 biopsy specimens, corresponding to 47 HNSCCs and paired controls taken from clinically uninvolved tissue of the same patients. RESULTS: Akt and MAPK were significantly underphosphorylated (two-sided p < .004) in tumors, whereas PKCs showed no differences from control samples.Second, although in control tissue there was a significant correlation between phosphorylation levels of Akt, MAPK, and PKC (all two-sided p < .05), many correlated activations were lost in tumors and even more in lymph node-positive tumors. Finally, p44 MAPK and Akt pThr308 were phosphorylated in a coordinated fashion only in lymph node-positive tumors (two-sided p < .01). CONCLUSIONS: This novel evidence documents important changes in the phosphorylation program during cancer progression of HNSCC.
Tosi, L; Rinaldi, E; Carinci, Francesco; Farina, A; Pastore, Antonio; Pelucchi, Stefano; Cassano, L; Evangelisti, Rita; Carinci, P; Volinia, Stefano
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/1200099
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